Bowl barrow 250m north east of Oak Cottage, forming part of a round barrow cemetery
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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This copy shows the entry on 13-Nov-2019 at 21:56:18.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Torridge (District Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- SX 38781 99221
Reasons for Designation
Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.
Despite reduction in its height through cultivation, the bowl barrow 250m north east of Oak Cottage, which forms part of the round barrow cemetery, remains an integral part of the larger group and will contain both archaeological and environmental information relating to the monument and its surrounding landscape.
Bowl barrows are the most numerous form of round barrow, with over 10,000 examples recorded nationally. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds each covering single or multiple burials.
The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on an upland ridge overlooking
the valley of a tributary to Dury Water and forming part of a round barrow
cemetery. Seven other barrows which make up the cemetery lie to the south and
south west and are the subject of separate schedulings.
The monument includes an oval mound which measures 23.8m north east to
south west by 18.2m north west to south east and is up to 0.3m high. The
surrounding quarry ditch from which material to construct the mound was
derived is preserved as a buried feature measuring approximately 3m in width.
On the north western side the mound has been partly cut by a field boundary;
the boundary itself marks the north western extent of the monument and is not
included in the scheduling.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX39NE11, (1983)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing