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Round barrow 500m south west of Peveril Castle

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round barrow 500m south west of Peveril Castle

List entry Number: 1020085

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Derbyshire

District: High Peak

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Castleton

National Park: PEAK DISTRICT

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 18-Sep-2001

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 31297

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The round barrow 500m south west of Peveril Castle survives extremely well and is unusual in the Peak District in being unexcavated. It will retain significant information on both its date and contents. Its location in an area of known Anglian activity has lead to suggestions that it may have been constructed during the 7th century AD. Such barrows were built for individuals of high rank, often containing grave goods which can provide an important insight into the individual buried. Barrows of this date are extremely rare with only 50-60 examples having been positively identified. The barrow is of particular importance if it does date from this period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round barrow standing within an area of unimproved pasture to the south west of Peveril castle. It comprises a low, turf-covered mound of earth and limestone, situated at the eastern end of a high ridge directly north of Cave Dale. The location of the monument provides extensive views to the north and west over the Hope Valley and surrounding hills.

The mound occupies an area of flat, stony ground and measures 9.5m by 9m and stands 0.5m high. There is no sign of disturbance to the mound associated with antiquarian excavation or quarrying. The monument is believed to be a bowl barrow of Bronze Age date, comparable to several similar but disturbed monuments in the region. It is also possible, however, that the barrow was constructed during the 7th century for a member of the local Anglian aristocracy. Other similar barrows in the area have been shown to have been constructed or reused at this time. Without detailed excavation the exact date of the monument will remain unclear. Whether of prehistoric or early medieval date, the monument is a rare example of an intact funerary monument. The undisturbed archaeological remains within the mound are potentially of great value in understanding both past funerary practices and social organisation.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, JW, Aston Hall - Land at Castleton Derbyshire, Archaeological Survey, (1992), 2/2
Barnatt, JW, Aston Hall - Land at Castleton Derbyshire, Archaeological Survey, (1992)
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989), 3:12
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989), 3:12
Barnatt, J W, Collis, J R, Barrows in the Peak District: recent research, (1996), 57-62

National Grid Reference: SK 14709 82218

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1020085 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 18-Nov-2017 at 03:12:30.

End of official listing