Chalk map of Australia 925m south west of Upper Hurdcott Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1020133

Date first listed: 01-Jun-2001

Map

Ordnance survey map of Chalk map of Australia 925m south west of Upper Hurdcott Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Compton Chamberlayne

National Grid Reference: SU 04298 29163

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Constructed by either stripping the turf to expose the bedrock beneath, or by cutting bedding trenches and packing them with chalk rubble, hill figures are an extremely rare phenomenon nationally with only 40 or so identified, most of which are to be found on the chalk downs of southern England. Archaeological opinion is divided as to the date of the earliest examples, some of which may have their origins in the late prehistoric or Romano-British period. However, most appear to belong to the post-medieval period, of which those from the 20th century are by far the most numerous with 26 examples recorded nationally. With the exception of one figure cut as an advertisement, the remainder of 20th century hill figures appear to have been cut for commemorative purposes, with a significant proportion dating to World War I and intended to record the presence of military units in specific localities. The 19 badges and motifs either visible today as surface features or surviving as buried deposits on Fovant, Compton and Sutton Downs represent by far the largest and most complete group of hill figures in England. They are prominent features in the landscape and along with the military graves in nearby churchyards are a visible record of the importance of the area during World War I. Their significance is further enhanced by their association with a number of regiments or units which were either subsequently disbanded, or whose members left Fovant to fight in some of the most bloody battles of World War I.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a chalk map of Australia cut into the northern slope of Compton Down, overlooking the village of Compton Chamberlayne. The map, which was constructed by excavating a series of shallow bedding trenches into which clean chalk rubble was inserted and compressed into place, consists of a simple outline of the Australian continent, within which is the legend `Australia'. It was originally cut by troops belonging to the Australian Imperial Force, Australia's expeditionary force. The Australians underwent training in the locality during August 1916 and March 1917 but took over many of the camps around Fovant from October 1917 until after the Armistice, when the camps were used as dispersal centres for those awaiting repatriation. A further series of contemporary chalk badges on Fovant and Sutton Downs are the subject of separate schedulings. All fences are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 33963

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
The Fovant Badges Society, (1916)

End of official listing