This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Four round barrows 840m WSW of Swainstondown Gate

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Four round barrows 840m WSW of Swainstondown Gate

List entry Number: 1020265

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Isle of Wight

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Calbourne

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 06-Sep-1994

Date of most recent amendment: 11-Feb-2002

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 33969

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The four round barrows 840m WSW of Swaintstondown Gate survive as earthworks which will retain archaeological information pertaining to their construction and use. In addition the old land surface sealed beneath the mounds and the fills of the encircling ditches are likely to contain environmental evidence relating to the landscape in which the barrows were placed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument, which lies within four areas of protection, is situated on the lower, northern slopes of Newbarn Down and includes four round barrows. The first protected area to the north west includes a barrow bisected by a modern boundary. The barrow mound is sub-circular in plan, approximately 20m by 15m in diameter and up to 0.6m in height. A further barrow to the south falls within the second area of protection and includes a mound up to 6m in diameter and 0.35m in height. The third protected area to the north east contains an additional barrow visible as an ovoid mound up to 10m in diameter east to west, 12m north to south and a maximum of 1m in height. It is bisected by a modern boundary. To the south east, the fourth area of protection contains a round barrow, which includes a mound 8.5m in diameter and 0.7m high. Although the mound of the north eastern barrow, which is bisected by a modern boundary, has been truncated on its eastern side by ploughing, there are still slight traces of a surrounding ditch to the south and east. Ditches, from which material was excavated for the construction of the barrows will also surround the mounds of the other barrows. These have become infilled over the years but will survive as buried features approximately 2m wide. Documentary sources record that in 1931 the two eastern barrows were partially excavated by H E Pritchett. Finds at the north eastern barrow included two cremations, one at the centre beneath the mound and a second deposited within an inverted urn which had been inserted into the mound. The urn was dated to the earlier Bronze Age and the excavator considered that the cremation was that of a young adult woman. All fences are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, , Sherwin, , 'Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Soc' in Procedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Soc, , Vol. 3, (1940), 182,204
Other
Isle of Wight County Council, Record Number 415,
Isle of Wight County Council, Record Number 417,
Isle of Wight County Council, Record Number 4287, (2000)
Woodhouse, W., Ordnance Survey Record Card SZ 48 NW 16, (1955)

National Grid Reference: SZ 43437 85773, SZ 43453 85743, SZ 43480 85743, SZ 43496 85766

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1020265 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 14-Dec-2017 at 06:23:07.

End of official listing