Ring cairn on Stockdale Moor 825m west of Pearson's Fold, north of Cawfell Beck
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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This copy shows the entry on 26-May-2019 at 04:18:37.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Copeland (District Authority)
- Ennerdale and Kinniside
- National Park:
- LAKE DISTRICT
- National Grid Reference:
- NY 10430 09634
Reasons for Designation
The Cumbrian uplands comprise large areas of remote mountainous terrain, much
of which is largely open fellside. As a result of archaeological surveys
between 1980 and 1990 within the Lake District National Park, these fells have
become one of the best recorded upland areas in England. On the open fells
there is sufficient well preserved and understood evidence over extensive
areas for human exploitation of these uplands from the Neolithic to the post-
medieval period. On the enclosed land and within forestry the archaeological
remains are fragmentary, but they survive sufficiently well to show that human
activity extended beyond the confines of the open fells. Bronze Age activity
accounts for the most extensive use of the area, and evidence for it includes
some of the largest and best preserved field systems and cairn fields in
England, as well as settlement sites, numerous burial monuments, stone circles
and other ceremonial remains. Taken together, their remains can provide a
detailed insight into life in the later prehistoric period. Of additional
importance is the well-preserved and often visible relationship between the
remains of earlier and later periods, since this provides an understanding of
changes in land use through time. Because of their rarity in a national
context, excellent state of preservation and inter-connections, most
prehistoric monuments on the Lake District fells will be identified as
Ring cairns are interpreted as ritual monuments of Early and Middle Bronze Age date. The exact nature of the rituals concerned is not fully understood, but excavation has revealed pits, some containing burials and others containing charcoal and pottery, taken to indicate feasting activities associated with the burial rituals. As a relatively rare class of monument exhibiting considerable variation in form, all positively identified examples retaining significant archaeological deposits are considered worthy of preservation. The ring cairn on Stockdale Moor 200m north of Cawfell Beck survives well and forms part of a large area of well-preserved prehistoric settlements, cairnfields and field systems which extend over Town Bank and Stockdale Moor. Together these represent evidence of long term management and exploitation of this area in prehistoric times. The cairn will contribute greatly to any further study of prehistoric settlement patterns within the Lake District.
The monument includes a prehistoric ring cairn located 200m north of Cawfell
Beck on Stockdale Moor, an expansive area of undulating unenclosed moorland
between the River Bleng and Worm Gill. It includes a sub-circular bank of
predominantly turf-covered stones measuring 12.4m by 11.4m externally and up
to 0.5m high which encloses a flat interior approximately 6.5m in diameter.
The ring cairn is one of many prehistoric monuments on Stockdale Moor which
are considered from comparisons with dated examples elsewhere to be dated
approximately to the second millenium BC.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Books and journals
Quartermaine, J A, Stockdale Moor Survey Catalogue, (1986)
Quartermaine, J, Leech, R H, Upland Settlement of the Lake District: Result of Recent Surveys, (1997), 1-9
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing