Moated site immediately south of Danby Wiske church

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1020346

Date first listed: 12-Jul-1988

Date of most recent amendment: 15-Feb-1999

Map

Ordnance survey map of Moated site immediately south of Danby Wiske church
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 13-Dec-2018 at 15:32:58.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Hambleton (District Authority)

Parish: Danby Wiske with Lazenby

National Grid Reference: SE 33806 98082

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site at Danby Wiske survives well and significant archaeological remains will be preserved. The monument offers important scope for understanding the workings of a moated site and its role in the wider medieval landscape.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of the medieval moated site located at the south end of the village of Danby Wiske. The moated site includes an irregular, elliptically shaped moat enclosing an area of approximately 2ha and to the north east of this area a second, smaller, rectangular moat enclosing a raised platform approximately of 0.4ha. To the north of the outer moat is an earthwork enclosure. The outer moat survives on the east side as a shallow ditch up to 12m wide with an outer bank 0.5m high and up to 9m wide. In other areas the outer moat has been partly infilled over the years and survives as a shallow hollow. At the west side there is a double earthwork arrangement which includes a prominent outer bank with internal moat, a low bank to the east and a wide sunken area crossed by a causeway giving access to the inner moat. The inner sunken area is thought to be the remains of a wide pond which formed part of the outer moat and may have acted as a fishpond or other water feature. At the south west side of the outer moat, in the area of the current entrance, the earthworks are no longer extant, having been disturbed by modern activity. The inner moat includes a steep sided water filled ditch 4m wide enclosing an area measuring approximately 50m by 65m. In the north east corner of the moat are the remains of a channel connecting to the nearby River Wiske. At the southern side of the inner moat there is a causeway giving access from the inner platform to the outer enclosure. Remains of buildings and other features will survive below ground on both the inner moated platform and in the area enclosed by the outer moat. In the field to the north of the moat is an earthen bank 4m wide which extends west to east for 75m then curves to the south east. This is the upstanding remains of a series of field enclosures, further remains of which can be identified on aerial photographs lying in the fields to the west. These areas have, however, been disturbed by agricultural activity, are not considered to be of national importance, and are not included in the scheduling. A number of features are excluded from the monument; these include The Glebe House and garage, The Moat House, all garden fences, sheds, outbuildings, lamp post, paths, steps, hard standing, bridges, the driveway, all field and paddock fences and gates and the septic tanks, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31347

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Finney, A, Danby Wiske Rectory Moated Site Earthwork Survey, watching brief, (1990)

End of official listing