Bowl barrow on Chanctonbury Hill, 560m north east of Frieslands

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1020352

Date first listed: 04-Feb-1999

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on Chanctonbury Hill, 560m north east of Frieslands
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: West Sussex

District: Horsham (District Authority)

Parish: Washington

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: TQ 12868 12042

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow on Chanctonbury Hill survives comparatively well, despite subsequent disturbance, and part excavation has demonstrated that it contains archaeological deposits and environmental evidence relating to the construction and use of the monument.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a chalk spur which projects towards the north west from a ridge of the Sussex Downs. The barrow, which overlooks a disused quarry to the west, has a roughly circular mound, about 12.5m in diameter and 0.7m high. The mound is surrounded by a ditch from which material used to construct the barrow was excavated. The ditch has become infilled over the years but part excavation during the 1950s has shown that it survives as a buried feature about 1m wide and 0.45m deep. An inhumation burial and an associated bronze dagger were discovered during the excavation beneath the centre of the mound, and a later cremation burial was found in the ditch. The barrow has been partly disturbed by past modern ploughing on its eastern side. The modern fence which crosses the monument is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 32241

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Ratcliffe-Densham, HBA, Sussex Archaeological Collection: A Woman of Wessex Culture, (1968), 40-48

End of official listing