Dovecote 60m north of St George's Church
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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This copy shows the entry on 28-Jan-2020 at 19:55:38.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- West Somerset (District Authority)
- National Park:
- National Grid Reference:
- SS 99019 43728
Reasons for Designation
Dovecotes are specialised structures designed for the breeding and keeping of
doves as a source of food and as a symbol of high social status. Most
surviving examples were built in the period between the 14th and the 17th
centuries, although both earlier and later examples are documented. They were
generally freestanding structures, square or circular in plan and normally of
brick or stone, with nesting boxes built into the internal wall. They were
frequently sited at manor houses or monasteries. Whilst a relatively common
monument class (1500 examples are estimated to survive out of an original
population of c.25,000), most will be considered to be of national interest,
although the majority will be listed rather than scheduled. They are also
generally regarded as an important component of local distinctiveness and
The dovecote 60m north of St George's Church survives in an excellent state of preservation having had restoration work undertaken on the roof and walls in 1989. It boasts a rare internal working potence which, whilst relatively late in date, is considered to represent an accurate replacement of an earlier example. Dunster dovecote is open to the public and provides an insight into the lives and dietary habits of the medieval inhabitants of Dunster Priory, whilst its post-Dissolution use illustrates the continued importance of harbouring pigeons for food to the occupants of Dunster Castle until the late 19th century.
The monument includes a dovecote which lies in the west half of the town
of Dunster just to the north of St George's Church. It was originally
associated with the medieval Dunster Priory, its purpose being to provide
fresh meat to the priory throughout the year by the fostering of squabs
(young birds) and adult pigeons. The dovecote is Listed Grade II*.
The dovecote is circular and rubble-built with a conical slate roof
surmounted at its apex by a wooden exit turret also roofed in slate. The
walls are 1.2m thick and the dovecote is 6m high with an external diameter
of 7.2m. There is a single narrow wooden-framed doorway on the eastern
side which is raised from ground level and reached by two steps; there is
also a small window high on the south western side which is likely to be a
later addition. The internal walls of the dovecote are lined with over 500
`L'-shaped nest holes and the structure retains a wooden potence, or
revolving ladder pivoted on a central post, giving access to the nesting
boxes. The central post of the potence also supports two circular feeding
platforms. Restoration work in 1989 enabled the potence to be dated to the
19th century although it is believed to replicate an earlier example. The
dovecote formed part of the agricultural complex attached to the
Benedictine priory at Dunster and it has reputed origins in the 12th
century although the present structure is considered to date from the 16th
century. Following the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1539 the
ownership of the dovecote passed from the Priory to the Luttrell family of
Dunster Castle who are reported to have continued to use it to supply
birds to their table until as late as 1870.
The scheduling includes the garden wall which abuts the dovecote, where it
falls within the 1m protective margin.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 1 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Books and journals
McCormick, Reverend M , The Dunster Dovecote, (1994)
'Oxford Archaeological Unit' in Dovecotes, (1995)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing