Two round barrows known as Rudda Howes, 400m north west of Rudda Farm

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1020485
Date first listed:
09-Oct-1981
Date of most recent amendment:
10-Oct-2001

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two round barrows known as Rudda Howes, 400m north west of Rudda Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
North Yorkshire
District:
Scarborough (District Authority)
Parish:
Stainton Dale
National Park:
NORTH YORK MOORS
National Grid Reference:
SE 97702 99743

Reasons for Designation

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although reduced by agricultural activity the two round barrows known as Rudda Howes, 400m north west of Rudda Farm have survived well. Significant information about the original construction of the barrows, the burials placed within them and their relationship with other monuments in the area will be preserved. Evidence of earlier land use will also survive beneath the barrow mounds.

Details

The monument includes two adjacent round barrows and the area between them in which unmarked burials and other archaeological remains may survive. The monument is situated in undulating land overlooking the sea to the east. The barrows are part of a group of similar monuments lying between the sea and the predominantly heather covered moorland characteristic of the North York Moors lying to the east. The area has been enclosed and brought into agricultural use however, it is known that the prehistoric period saw intensive use of the land for agricultural and ritual purposes. Some remains of these activities survive today. Each barrow has an earth and stone mound standing 25m apart. The western mound measures 18m in diameter and is 0.4m high. The eastern mound has been partly reduced by agricultural activity and measures 15m in diameter and is 0.3m high. Each of the mounds was surrounded by a ditch up to 3m wide which has been filled in and is no longer visible as an earthwork. One of the barrows was partly excavated in 1852 and the remains of cremation burials and urns were found

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
34805
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Smith, M J B, Excavated Bronze Age Burial Mounds of Durham and N' land., (1994), 1-32

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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