Bowl barrow on Chalton Down, 350m south east of Manor Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1020511

Date first listed: 07-Mar-2002


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on Chalton Down, 350m south east of Manor Farm
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This copy shows the entry on 23-Jan-2019 at 17:55:53.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: East Hampshire (District Authority)

Parish: Clanfield

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: SU 73471 15692


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow on Chalton Down, 350m south east of Manor Farm survives comparatively well despite later disturbance by ploughing and can be expected to retain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the environment in which it was constructed. The monument is closely associated with at least 12 other round barrows on Chalton Down, most of which have now been destroyed. It has a prominent location close to the Staunton Way long distance footpath.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a bowl barrow of Late Neolithic or Bronze Age date, situated on the broad crest of Chalton Down, a high, north-south oriented chalk ridge situated near the Hampshire-Sussex border. Although significantly lowered by modern ploughing, the barrow remains a prominent feature on the down which was a major focus of ritual activity during the Bronze Age period. The bowl barrow survives as a low circular mound, 25m in diameter and up to 0.5m high, constructed from chalk and flint rubble. There is no trace of a surrounding quarry ditch, from which material would have been obtained for the mound's construction, although this can be expected to survive as a buried feature, infilled by later ploughing. Further archaeological remains associated with the original construction and use of the monument, including burials, grave pits, burial goods and the original ground surface can also be expected to survive as buried features beneath the mound.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 34155

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing