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Three bowl barrows on Chalton Down, 860m east of Netherley Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Three bowl barrows on Chalton Down, 860m east of Netherley Farm

List entry Number: 1020512

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: East Hampshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Rowlands Castle

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 28-Mar-1977

Date of most recent amendment: 07-Mar-2002

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 34156

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The group of three bowl barrows on Chalton Down, 860m east of Netherley Farm survives reasonably well despite later disturbance by ploughing and can be expected to retain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the environment in which it was constructed. The monument is associated with the recorded sites of at least ten other round barrows situated on Chalton Down, most of which have now been destroyed. It is prominently located beside the Staunton Way long distance footpath.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a group of three bowl barrows of Late Neolithic or Bronze Age date, situated along the crest of Chalton Down, a high, north-south oriented chalk ridge situated near the Hampshire-Sussex border. It is the surviving remnant of a larger round barrow cemetery, the remainder of which has been levelled by modern ploughing. Although the two northern barrows of the group have also been significantly lowered by ploughing, the monument remains a prominent feature on the down which was a major focus of ritual activity during the later prehistoric period. The most substantial, best preserved barrow, to the south, survives as a steep-sided, circular mound, 20m in average diameter and 1.2m high. It is hollowed in the centre, indicating later excavation, and has been clipped all around by ploughing, artificially steepening the flanks of the mound. Traces of a 3m wide quarry ditch, from which material would have been obtained for the mound's construction, are visible around the barrow, now partly infilled as a result of later ploughing. A slight outer bank, previously recorded around this ditch, is now no longer visible. The two heavily ploughed northern barrows survive as low, circular or sub-circular mounds, 14m-16m in diameter and 0.1m to 0.2m high, constructed of flint and chalk rubble. These two barrows slightly adjoin, and are located on the highest point of the ridge, with commanding views in all directions. There is no trace of a surrounding ditch around either, although such ditches can be expected to survive as buried features, infilled by the later ploughing. Further archaeological remains associated with the original construction and use of the monument, including burials, grave pits, burial goods and the original ground surface can also be expected to survive as buried features beneath and between all three mounds. A marker post for the Staunton Way situated on the monument is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Cunliffe, B, 'The Antiquaries Journal' in Chalton, Hants: The evolution of a landscape, (1973), 178-80
Cunliffe, B, 'The Antiquaries Journal' in Chalton, Hants: The evolution of a landscape, (1973), 178-180
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Hampshire Barrows, (1938), 210,359
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Hampshire Barrows, (1938), 210,359

National Grid Reference: SU 73409 14955

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 22-Jun-2018 at 12:07:32.

End of official listing