Three bowl barrows on Chalton Down, 860m east of Netherley Farm


Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
Date first listed:
Date of most recent amendment:


Ordnance survey map of Three bowl barrows on Chalton Down, 860m east of Netherley Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1020512 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 19-Oct-2019 at 03:54:55.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

East Hampshire (District Authority)
Rowlands Castle
National Park:
National Grid Reference:
SU 73409 14955

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The group of three bowl barrows on Chalton Down, 860m east of Netherley Farm survives reasonably well despite later disturbance by ploughing and can be expected to retain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the environment in which it was constructed. The monument is associated with the recorded sites of at least ten other round barrows situated on Chalton Down, most of which have now been destroyed. It is prominently located beside the Staunton Way long distance footpath.


The monument includes a group of three bowl barrows of Late Neolithic or Bronze Age date, situated along the crest of Chalton Down, a high, north-south oriented chalk ridge situated near the Hampshire-Sussex border. It is the surviving remnant of a larger round barrow cemetery, the remainder of which has been levelled by modern ploughing. Although the two northern barrows of the group have also been significantly lowered by ploughing, the monument remains a prominent feature on the down which was a major focus of ritual activity during the later prehistoric period. The most substantial, best preserved barrow, to the south, survives as a steep-sided, circular mound, 20m in average diameter and 1.2m high. It is hollowed in the centre, indicating later excavation, and has been clipped all around by ploughing, artificially steepening the flanks of the mound. Traces of a 3m wide quarry ditch, from which material would have been obtained for the mound's construction, are visible around the barrow, now partly infilled as a result of later ploughing. A slight outer bank, previously recorded around this ditch, is now no longer visible. The two heavily ploughed northern barrows survive as low, circular or sub-circular mounds, 14m-16m in diameter and 0.1m to 0.2m high, constructed of flint and chalk rubble. These two barrows slightly adjoin, and are located on the highest point of the ridge, with commanding views in all directions. There is no trace of a surrounding ditch around either, although such ditches can be expected to survive as buried features, infilled by the later ploughing. Further archaeological remains associated with the original construction and use of the monument, including burials, grave pits, burial goods and the original ground surface can also be expected to survive as buried features beneath and between all three mounds. A marker post for the Staunton Way situated on the monument is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
Legacy System:


Books and journals
Cunliffe, B, 'The Antiquaries Journal' in Chalton, Hants: The evolution of a landscape, (1973), 178-80
Cunliffe, B, 'The Antiquaries Journal' in Chalton, Hants: The evolution of a landscape, (1973), 178-180
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Hampshire Barrows, (1938), 210,359
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Hampshire Barrows, (1938), 210,359


This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

Your Contributions

Do you know more about this entry?

The following information has been contributed by users volunteering for our Enriching The List project. For small corrections to the List Entry please see our Minor Amendments procedure.

The information and images below are the opinion of the contributor, are not part of the official entry and do not represent the official position of Historic England. We have not checked that the contributions below are factually accurate. Please see our terms and conditions. If you wish to report an issue with a contribution or have a question please email [email protected].