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Medieval chapel of the Holy Ghost and St Katherine at Warland, 250m south west of Totnes Bridge

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Medieval chapel of the Holy Ghost and St Katherine at Warland, 250m south west of Totnes Bridge

List entry Number: 1020568

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: South Hams

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Totnes

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 16-Oct-2002

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 34878

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

A medieval chapel is a building, usually rectangular, containing a range of furnishings and fittings appropriate for Christian worship in the pre- Reformation period. Chapels were designed for congregational worship and were generally divided into two main parts: the nave, which provided accommodation for the laity, and the chancel, which was the main domain of the priest and contained the principal altar. Around 4000 parochial chapels were built between the 12th and 17th centuries as subsidiary places of worship built for the convenience of parishioners who lived at a distance from the main parish church. Other chapels were built as private places of worship by manorial lords and lie near or within manor houses, castles or other high-status residences. Chantry chapels were built and maintained by endowment and were established for the singing of masses for the soul of the founder. Some chapels possessed burial grounds. Unlike parish churches, the majority of which remain in ecclesiastical use, chapels were often abandoned as their communities and supporting finances declined or disappeared. Many chantry chapels disappeared after the dissolution of their supporting communities in the 1540s. Chapels, like parish churches, have always been major features of the landscape. A significant number of surviving examples are identified as being nationally important. The sites of abandoned chapels, where positively identified, are particularly worthy of statutory protection as they were often left largely undisturbed and thus retain important information about the nature and date of their use up to their abandonment.

Despite partial demolition, the remains of the medieval chapel of the Holy Ghost and St Katherine at Warland survive well. Stratified material beneath the ground surface of the site is likely to contain archaeological information relating to the chapel's construction and use.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes ruins and buried remains of a medieval chapel at Warland in Totnes. It was constructed as a chantry in 1270 by Walter le Bon and his wife. The chapel was appropriated in 1508 to the Vicars Choral of Exeter Cathedral, when it ceased to be used as a religious house. It later became a ruin and is now partly incorporated into four houses, which are not included in the scheduling. The chapel was a high single storey rectangular building of mortared rubble, aligned east to west and lit by eight tall lancet windows on either side, carved from yellow Salcombe Regis limestone, with broad plain chamfers both outside and in. The windows, which were unglazed, had iron bars and external rebated shutters. Part of the chapel's west end wall and south west corner survives within the garden wall at the rear of numbers 8, 9 and 10 Warland, and measures 10m long, 1.2m wide and 1.8m high. The north and south side walls and floor in the western part of the chapel survive as buried remains within the gardens. Standing remains of the south side wall, which contains three lancet windows and survives to a height of 5m, is incorporated into the cottages to the east. Both the cottages are Listed Grade II. The other adjacent garden walls beyond those which form part of the chapel, as well as fencing posts and path surfaces, where these fall within the monument's protective margin, are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Other
MPP fieldwork by R Waterhouse, Waterhouse, R, (2001)
MPP fieldwork by R Waterhouse, Waterhouse, R, (2001)

National Grid Reference: SX 80467 60186

Map

Map
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© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1020568 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2017 at 03:03:36.

End of official listing