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Coaxial field system, hut circles and medieval farm buildings at Starehole Bottom

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Coaxial field system, hut circles and medieval farm buildings at Starehole Bottom

List entry Number: 1020577

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: South Hams

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Malborough

County: Devon

District: South Hams

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Salcombe

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 16-Oct-2002

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 34887

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Coaxial field systems are one of several methods of land division employed during the Bronze Age; evidence from areas such as Dartmoor, where they are relatively common, suggest their introduction around 1700 BC and their continued use until 1000 BC. They generally consist of linear stones banks forming parallel boundaries running up slope to meet similar boundaries that run along the contours of higher slopes. The long strips formed by the parallel boundaries may be subdivided by cross banks to form a series of rectangular field plots, each sharing a common axis. Broadly contemporary occupation sites, comprising hut circle settlements, and funerary and ceremonial sites, may be found within these enclosed fields. Coaxial field systems are representative of their period and an important element in the existing landscape. Surviving examples are likely to be considered of national importance.

Despite slight damage, the coaxial field system, hut circles and medieval farm buildings at Starehole Bottom survive well. Their earthworks will contain stratigraphic information relating to their construction and use. The medieval farm buildings represent examples of a type of dispersed settlement characteristic of this part of the south west peninsula.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes part of a coaxial field system containing three scattered hut circles, medieval banks, and the sites of four medieval agricultural buildings with associated hollow ways. Post-medieval features include two miners' prospecting pits and a water management system. The monument lies partly on a flat coastal plateau, sloping steeply down into a valley to the north, with dramatic views of the local coastal scenery all around. The coaxial banks of the field system are aligned north west to south east and cut across the steep southern side of Starehole Bottom at an angle, continuing up onto the flat coastal plateau. The sub-rectangular fields are defined by further banks which measure from 2m to 5m wide and from 0.5m to 1.3m high. They contain occasional fragments of facing stonework and vertical orthostats. Three hut circles are located within the fields on the coastal plateau and measure from 12m to 15m in total diameter with stone faced encircling walls surviving as banks from 2m to 4m wide and up to 1m high. Medieval sub-divisions of the field system at the south west corner have low banks forming narrow strips from 15m to 25m wide and from 70m to 90m long. Other sub-divisions in Starehole Bottom have created very small paddocks, which contain two rectangular detached buildings measuring from 15m to 23m long and 10m wide, with walls 2m wide and up to 1m high. Two more rectangular building platforms from 6m to 8m long and up to 3m wide are scarped into the cliff edge alongside medieval hollow ways which descend from the field system into Starehole Cove at the east end of the monument. A water management system just west of the cove is of post-medieval date, with a small dam across the stream, from which a leat fed a distribution tank 4m by 5m wide and up to 1.2m deep. Three gullies leading from this tank down to the cliff edge measure 1m wide and from 0.4m to 0.8m deep. Two post-medieval miners' prospecting pits on the north western corner of the plateau are on an east to west alignment and are roughly circular, measuring 15m in diameter and from 0.6m to 1m deep. All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Other
MPP fieldwork by R Waterhouse, Waterhouse, R, (2000)
MPP fieldwork by R Waterhouse, Waterhouse, R, (2000)
MPP fieldwork by R Waterhouse, Waterhouse, R, (2000)

National Grid Reference: SX 72430 36470

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1020577 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 07:49:18.

End of official listing