Enclosed settlement 920m south east of Whitehall


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1020585

Date first listed: 07-Aug-2001


Ordnance survey map of Enclosed settlement 920m south east of Whitehall
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Dec-2018 at 14:10:26.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Kirknewton


National Grid Reference: NT 89608 25547


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Stone hut circles and hut circle settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers. Most date from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). The stone- based round-houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; the remains of the turf, thatch or heather roofs are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth or stone. Frequently traces of their associated field systems may be found immediately around them. These may be indicated by areas of clearance cairns and/or the remains of field walls and other enclosures. The longevity of use of hut circle settlements and their relationship with other monument types provides important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The enclosed settlement 920m south east of Whitehall is well-preserved and will provide evidence for the nature of prehistoric settlement and land use in the area. The remains of the house and the associated domestic debris will enhance our understanding of everyday life at this time. In addition, the structure of the settlement will reveal details of the manner of its construction. It is situated within an area of clustered and well-preserved archaeological sites and forms part of a wider archaeological landscape in the north Cheviots.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes the remains of an enclosed settlement of prehistoric date, situated beneath a crag on the steep eastern slopes of the College Valley. The settlement is visible as an oval enclosure, 45.5m north to south by 21.5m east to west, which abuts a crag on the east side. The enclosure bank is constructed from large, loose, irregular rocks which have been partly cleared from the interior to form a barrier 0.5m high by 1.5m wide. A hut circle, 4.5m in diameter with an entrance through the north west side, is situated within the enclosure at its southern end.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 34227

Legacy System: RSM


NT 82 NE 129,
Topping, P, A Survey of College Valley, North Northumberland, 1981, BA Dissertation, University of Durham

End of official listing