This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Enclosed settlement 920m south east of Whitehall

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Enclosed settlement 920m south east of Whitehall

List entry Number: 1020585

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Northumberland

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Kirknewton

National Park: NORTHUMBERLAND

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 07-Aug-2001

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 34227

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Stone hut circles and hut circle settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers. Most date from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). The stone- based round-houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; the remains of the turf, thatch or heather roofs are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth or stone. Frequently traces of their associated field systems may be found immediately around them. These may be indicated by areas of clearance cairns and/or the remains of field walls and other enclosures. The longevity of use of hut circle settlements and their relationship with other monument types provides important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The enclosed settlement 920m south east of Whitehall is well-preserved and will provide evidence for the nature of prehistoric settlement and land use in the area. The remains of the house and the associated domestic debris will enhance our understanding of everyday life at this time. In addition, the structure of the settlement will reveal details of the manner of its construction. It is situated within an area of clustered and well-preserved archaeological sites and forms part of a wider archaeological landscape in the north Cheviots.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of an enclosed settlement of prehistoric date, situated beneath a crag on the steep eastern slopes of the College Valley. The settlement is visible as an oval enclosure, 45.5m north to south by 21.5m east to west, which abuts a crag on the east side. The enclosure bank is constructed from large, loose, irregular rocks which have been partly cleared from the interior to form a barrier 0.5m high by 1.5m wide. A hut circle, 4.5m in diameter with an entrance through the north west side, is situated within the enclosure at its southern end.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
NT 82 NE 129,
Topping, P, A Survey of College Valley, North Northumberland, 1981, BA Dissertation, University of Durham

National Grid Reference: NT 89608 25547

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1020585 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 12-Dec-2017 at 12:20:44.

End of official listing