Moated site 430m south west of Bradenham Hall


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1020645

Date first listed: 03-Sep-2002


Ordnance survey map of Moated site 430m south west of Bradenham Hall
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Norfolk

District: Breckland (District Authority)

Parish: Bradenham

National Grid Reference: TF 91702 09725


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site 430m south west of Bradenham Hall survives well as a series of earthwork and buried deposits. The buried remains will include archaeological information concerning the construction of the moat, the layout and construction of buildings which stood on the island and activities relating to its occupation. Evidence for earlier land use is also likely to be preserved in soils buried beneath the raised platform. A local tradition that there was a Norman tower on the site gives added interest.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a medieval moated site located 430m south west of Bradenham Hall. The moat is one of ten recorded in the parish of Bradenham. In 1086, land in Bradenham was in the possession of William of Warenne and Ralph of Tosny. William of Warenne's land passed to the Kaillis, or Caleys, and in the 14th century it was held by the de Cliftons. By the 15th century, the land had passed to the Knevets of Buckenham Castle. The land held by de Tosny was, by the 13th century, in the hands of William de Bradenham, but was later united with the lands originally held by William of Warenne.

The moated platform, or island, is roughly D-shaped in plan, measuring approximately 62m north-south by 60m. The east, north and west arms of the moat are fairly straight, with a curving southern arm. The platform is raised up to 0.5m above the surrounding ground level. Two areas, at the north east corner and at the eastern side, are raised up to 0.5m above the general level of the platform and are thought to mark the site of buildings. A roughly circular hollow lies at the southern edge of the raised area located at the north east corner of the platform. The hollow measures approximately 4m in diameter and up to 0.75m deep and probably marks the location of a former pond.

The moat enclosing the platform measures between 6m and 8m in width and is open to a depth of 1.5m. The moat, now dry, is steep sided with a flat base. The north arm of the moat is crossed by a modern earthen causeway, about 3m wide, which may perpetuate the position of an earlier access point.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 35060

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Blomefield, F, History of the County of Norfolk: Volume VI, (1984)
Brown, P (ed), Doomsday Book: Norfolk, (1984)
NMR, 358529, (2001)
Norfolk SMR, NF8717, (2001)
Norfolk SMR, NF8719, (2001)
Title: West Bradenham Tithe Map and Apportionment, DN/TA 65 Source Date: 1838 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

End of official listing