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Two round cairns on Dunkery Hill, 390m and 420m south east of Rex Stile Head

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two round cairns on Dunkery Hill, 390m and 420m south east of Rex Stile Head

List entry Number: 1020926

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Somerset

District: West Somerset

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Wootton Courtenay

National Park: EXMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 23-Apr-2003

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 35587

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Exmoor is the most easterly of the three main upland areas in the south western peninsula of England. In contrast to the other two areas, Dartmoor and Bodmin Moor, there has been no history of antiquarian research and little excavation of Exmoor monuments. However, survey work has confirmed a comparable richness of archaeological remains, with evidence of human exploitation and occupation from the Mesolithic period to the present day. Many of the field monuments surviving on Exmoor date from the later prehistoric period, examples including stone settings, stone alignments, standing stones, and burial mounds (barrows or cairns). Round cairns are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500BC. They were constructed as rubble mounds which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries, and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Over 370 barrows or cairns, varying in diameter from 2m to 35m, have been recorded on Exmoor, with many of these found on or close to the summits of the three east-west ridges which cross the moor - the southern escarpment, the central ridge, and the northern ridge. Individual cairns and groups may also be found on lower lying ground and hillslopes. Those which occupy prominent locations form a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their longevity as a monument type can provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.



Despite some surface disturbance to the mound of the easternmost cairn the two round cairns located 390m and 420m south east of Rex Stile Head survive comparatively well and will contain archaeological deposits and environmental evidence relating both to the cairns and the wider landscape in which they were constructed. The cairns form satellite cairns associated with a major round cairn cemetery (a group of cairns sited in close proximity to one another) which includes the prominent Joaney How and Robin How cairns. Together these cairns form a visual element in the open moorland, being located close to a well-used footpath.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument, which lies in two separate areas of protection, includes two prehistoric round cairns situated in open moorland on a natural terrace located on a south and east facing slope of Dunkery Hill. The cairns are outlying members of a round cairn cemetery, the centre of which is located approximately 450m to the north on a level plateau on the eastern side of Dunkery Hill,and forms the subject of separate schedulings. Each cairn has a near-circular earth and stone mound. The mound of the easternmost cairn is 11m in diameter and 0.4m high; the mound of the cairn, located approximately 80m to the south west, is 9m in diameter and is 0.5m high.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of Somerset Archaelogical & Natural History Society' in Somerset Barrows, (1969), 43
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of Somerset Archaelogical & Natural History Society' in Somerset Barrows, (1969), 43
Other
SS 94 SW 15, National Monuments Record,

National Grid Reference: SS 90779 42302, SS 90846 42343

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1020926 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 06:09:16.

End of official listing