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Roman camp on Huntington South Moor, 300m east of Huntington Grange

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Roman camp on Huntington South Moor, 300m east of Huntington Grange

List entry Number: 1020976

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: York

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Huntington

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 11-Aug-2003

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 34718

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Roman camps are rectangular or sub-rectangular enclosures which were constructed and used by Roman soldiers either when out on campaign or as practice camps; most campaign camps were only temporary overnight bases and few were used for longer periods. They were bounded by a single earthen rampart and outer ditch and in plan are always straight-sided with rounded corners. Normally they have between one and four entrances, although as many as eleven have been recorded. Such entrances were usually centrally placed in the sides of the camp and were often protected by additional defensive outworks. Roman camps are found throughout much of England, although most known examples lie in the midlands and north. Around 140 examples have been identified and, as one of the various types of defensive enclosure built by the Roman Army, particularly in hostile upland and frontier areas, they provide an important insight into Roman military strategy and organisation. All well-preserved examples are identified as being of national importance.

The Roman camp on Huntington South Moor, 300m east of Huntington Grange, is one of only four identified camps closely associated to the Roman legionary fortress at York. Part of the camp's ramparts survive as a low earthwork and additional features will survive as buried remains such as refuse pits and groupings of post holes left by timber structures. Given the survival of upstanding earthworks, the buried remains are expected to be better preserved than those of the second camp 250m to the south east that has been damaged by modern ploughing. Few camps have been identified in lowland areas nationally because it is thought that many have been obliterated by centuries of agricultural activity. Those with upstanding earthworks, as opposed to most which only survive as crop marks, are especially rare nationally. The close proximity of this second camp, along with the archaeological information gained from its excavation, further enhances the monument's importance.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the buried and earthwork remains of the north western of a pair of Roman camps on Huntington South Moor that were identified from aerial photographs taken in March 2002. The second camp, which is orientated in the same way, is centred approximately 250m to the south east.

The 18th century antiquarians W Stukeley and F Drake noted the earthworks of seven or eight Roman camps to the north of York. Two of these partly survive as very low earthworks on Bootham Stray and Clifton Moor, just over 2km to the west. These are both protected as scheduled monuments. The location of the other five or six sites mentioned by the antiquarians is uncertain, but could include the two camps identified in 2002 on Huntington South Moor. All of these camps lie close to the Roman legionary fortress of Eboracum, the remains of which lie beneath York city centre. They have been interpreted as either practice camps constructed by the Roman army for training purposes, or temporary camps occupied during the construction of the fortress in the early 70s AD.

Although the camp was not identified until March 2002, RAF photographs taken in the early 1950s show the full extent of the camp before the construction of the Ryedale Stadium (which is marked on the 1:10,000 map as `Rugby League Football Ground'). These photographs show the camp as a playing card shape, the low bank and outer ditch describing a round cornered rectangle that is typical of many Roman camps. From these photographs the camp's long axis can be seen to run north east to south west, measuring nearly 140m between banks or 150m between the outer ditches, with its shorter axis measuring just over 95m between banks. The Ryedale Stadium now overlies the eastern part of the camp. Although there may still be archaeological remains surviving in the area of the stadium, their extent is not known and so this area is not included within the monument. However, the western part of the camp still survives as upstanding earthworks and is included in the monument. The bank typically survives up to 0.2m to 0.3m high and 6m to 7m wide with the outer ditch 0.1m to 0.2m deep and typically 6m wide, but up to 10m wide in places. The area of the monument lies within three former fields orientated east-west, although the southern two have been amalgamated so that the boundary is not shown on the 1:10,000 map. All three fields have regularly spaced ditches just over 4m apart, running parallel with the east-west field boundaries. These have been interpreted as 19th century drainage works although they may alternatively relate to post-medieval ploughing. Most of the earthworks of the camp lie within the middle field, including the camp's western corner, and it is in this area where they are best preserved. However, the earthworks are still traceable as upstanding earthworks in the other two fields.

All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Horne, P, 'Aerial Survey Report Series' in Huntington South Moor Roman Camps, , Vol. AER/6/22, (2002)
Other
Oblique AP, RAF, RAF 540/613/5009, (1953)

National Grid Reference: SE 62081 54694

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1020976 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 20-Jan-2018 at 04:25:31.

End of official listing