Prehistoric enclosed settlement 950m north east of Ditsworthy Warren House

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1021058

Date first listed: 08-Sep-2003

Map

Ordnance survey map of Prehistoric enclosed settlement 950m north east of Ditsworthy Warren House
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Sheepstor

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 59217 66786

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The prehistoric enclosed settlement 950m north east of Ditsworthy Warren House survives comparatively well and together with other nearby settlement sites and ceremonial monuments provide an important insight into the nature of Bronze Age occupation on the west side of the moor.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a prehistoric enclosed settlement situated on a south facing slope on the lower slopes of Higher Hartor Tor overlooking the River Plym. The settlement lies close to the stone alignments at Drizzlecombe and survives as an oval enclosure containing four stone hut circles. The interior of the enclosure measures 60m long by 45m wide and it is denoted by a 2.4m wide earthwork bank standing up to 0.7m high. The stone hut circles within the settlement all survive as circular or oval banks surrounding an internal area which varies between 7.1 sq m and 28.3 sq m, with the average being 17 sq m. The height of the surrounding rubble walls vary between 0.3m and 0.7m. One of the huts has a visible doorway and another has an annex.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 34470

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1994), 127

End of official listing