Small enclosed settlement on Castle Idris, 400m south west of Penrhiew Lodge


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1021068

Date first listed: 28-Nov-1957

Date of most recent amendment: 08-Sep-2003


Ordnance survey map of Small enclosed settlement on Castle Idris, 400m south west of Penrhiew Lodge
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Shropshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Newcastle on Clun

National Grid Reference: SO 24021 82422


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

During the Iron Age and Roman period a variety of settlement types were constructed throughout Britain. Small enclosed settlements consist of discrete areas of occupation, bounded largely or wholly by continuous single or concentric ditches, banks or walls, and palisades. The size of these curvilinear or rectilinear enclosures is generally less than 2ha. They were occupied by a small community, perhaps a single family or several related family groups. In their original form the enclosures contained a single main domestic building, or several clusters of domestic buildings. These structures are normally circular and often associated with rectangular buildings used for the storage of agricultural produce. Small enclosed settlements became common features in the landscape during the second half of the first millennium BC and throughout the Roman period. They were the dwelling places of people engaged in small-scale farming and craft production. Considerable numbers of small enclosed settlements are known, but most have been levelled by ploughing. All small enclosed settlements where earthwork or standing structural remains survive are considered to be of national importance.

The small enclosed settlement on Castle Idris, 400m south west of Penrhiew Lodge, is a good example of this class of monument. The survival of internal building platforms as earthworks indicates that the buried remains of structures and associated deposits will survive well. These deposits will contain organic remains and a range of contemporary artefacts, which will provide valuable insights into the activities and lifestyles of the inhabitants. The earthworks forming the enclosure will retain evidence about the nature of their construction. In addition, organic remains surviving in the buried ground surfaces beneath the bank and within the ditch will provide important information about the local environment and the use of the surrounding land before the enclosure was built and during its occupation. Comparison of this settlement with other broadly contemporary settlements nearby will allow a more detailed picture of life in the Iron Age and Roman period in this part of the Welsh Marches.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a small enclosed settlement which is either Iron Age or Romano-British in origin. It is situated on gently sloping ground to the east of the summit of Castle Idris, overlooking the Clun and Folley Brook valleys. From this location there are extensive views of the surrounding hills. Other small enclosed settlements in the vicinity which are broadly contemporary include an example on Fron, 1km to the east, and Caer-Din Ring, 2.6km to the north. Both of these settlements are the subject of separate schedulings.

The small enclosed settlement on Castle Idris takes the form of a D-shaped enclosure. Its overall dimensions are approximately 100m north-south by 108m east-west, and its internal area is about 0.35ha. The earthworks which define the interior of the settlement consist of a bank and an external ditch. They have been modified to some extent by ploughing over the centuries. The bank is between 10m and 14m wide, and for much of its length the outer face survives as a pronounced scarp between 1.4m and 2.2m high. Around the eastern half of the circuit the top of the bank has been mostly levelled by ploughing. To the west the bank stands up to 1.4m high internally. The ditch has largely been infilled, and is still visible in places as a shallow depression between 5m and 8m wide. It survives well as a buried feature. Within the interior of the enclosure are a number of platforms, which provided level areas for the construction of buildings.

Fence posts are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 34938

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing