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Hut circle and enclosure 350m north west of Tarn Dub

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Hut circle and enclosure 350m north west of Tarn Dub

List entry Number: 1021095

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: County Durham

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Lunedale

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 22-Dec-2003

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 35954

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Stone hut circles and hut circle settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers. Most date from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). The stone- based round-houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; the remains of the turf, thatch or heather roofs are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth or stone. Frequently traces of their associated field systems may be found immediately around them. These may be indicated by areas of clearance cairns and/or the remains of field walls and other enclosures. The longevity of use of hut circle settlements and their relationship with other monument types provides important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although stone hut circle settlements are generally considered to be Bronze Age in date, evidence for Teesdale suggests that they may sometimes be slightly later, belonging to the Iron Age or Roman period (500BC-AD400). This hut circle and enclosure 350m north west of Tarn Dub survive well. They form an important part of the wider prehistoric landscape of Upper Teesdale, and will contribute to knowledge of late prehistoric settlement patterns.



History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a hut circle with a small attached enclosure below Cronkley Scar. The centre of the site lies 15m south of the centre of a sheepfold and shed between Kirk Sike and Tarn Dub on Cronkley Pasture. The hut circle is approximately 8m in diameter, with whinstone boulder walls 1m wide and up to 0.4m high. The entrance was probably facing west. The hut circle is attached to the east side of a small triangular boulder-walled enclosure 8m wide and 9m long.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Coggins D, MA thesis: The Archaeology of Early Settlement in Upper Teesdale, 1984, No 49: Tarn Rigg Fold

National Grid Reference: NY 85100 28970

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1021095 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 11:59:41.

End of official listing