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Bowl barrow 840m south east of Forestry Lodge

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow 840m south east of Forestry Lodge

List entry Number: 1021127

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Norfolk

District: Breckland

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Cockley Cley

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 24-Feb-2004

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 35072

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Moots were open-air meeting places set aside for use by courts and other bodies who were responsible for the administration and organisation of the countryside in Anglo-Saxon and medieval England. They were located at convenient, conspicuous or well known sites, often centrally placed within the area under jurisdiction, usually a hundred, wapentake or shire. The meeting place could take several forms: a natural feature, existing man-made features, such as barrows or hillforts, or a purpose-built monument.

The bowl barrow 840m south east of Forestry Lodge survives well as a series of earthwork and buried remains. Limited excavation has demonstrated the presence of human remains and artefacts within the mound which will preserve further archaeological information concerning its construction and date. In addition, evidence for the local environment at the time of construction will be contained in buried soils beneath the mound. It is associated with a further round barrow and will contribute to an understanding of the character and development of the prehistoric landscape. The identification of the barrows with a moot gives the monument added interest and importance.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow located on a north west facing slope, 840m south east of Forestry Lodge. The barrow, one of a group recorded in the area in the mid-18th century, is situated in the northern part of the Breckland region of south west Norfolk. Another round barrow lies approximately 350m to the south west and is the subject of a separate scheduling.

The barrow is visible as an earthen mound measuring approximately 30m in diameter and standing 1.2m high. Limited excavations, undertaken in 1963, revealed a flexed inhumation of a male, aged about 45 years. A copper alloy dagger was found with the burial and is thought to date to about 1500 BC.

The barrows have been identified as the meeting place, or moot, of the South Greenhoe Hundred.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Lawson, A J, 'East Anglian Archaeology' in Barrow Excavations In Norfolk, 1950-82, (1986), 106-107
Lawson, A J, 'East Anglian Archaeology' in Barrow Excavations In Norfolk, 1950-82, (1986), 106-107
Other
Norfolk SMR, NF2688, (2002)

National Grid Reference: TF 82803 05629

Map

Map
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© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1021127 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2017 at 05:58:22.

End of official listing