Prehistoric cairnfield and linear boundary on Thwaites Fell immediately north of Hodgewife Well

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1021139

Date first listed: 12-Nov-2003

Map

Ordnance survey map of Prehistoric cairnfield and linear boundary on Thwaites Fell immediately north of Hodgewife Well
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Copeland (District Authority)

Parish: Millom Without

National Park: LAKE DISTRICT

National Grid Reference: SD 16829 90029

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The Cumbrian uplands comprise large areas of remote mountainous terrain, much of which is largely open fellside. As a result of archaeological surveys between 1980 and 1990 within the Lake District National Park, these fells have become one of the best recorded upland areas in England. On the open fells there is sufficient well preserved and understood evidence over extensive areas for human exploitation of these uplands from the Neolithic to the post- medieval period. On the enclosed land and within forestry the archaeological remains are fragmentary, but they survive sufficiently well to show that human activity extended beyond the confines of the open fells. Bronze Age activity accounts for the most extensive use of the area, and evidence for it includes some of the largest and best preserved field systems and cairn fields in England, as well as settlement sites, numerous burial monuments, stone circles and other ceremonial remains. Taken together, their remains can provide a detailed insight into life in the later prehistoric period. Of additional importance is the well-preserved and often visible relationship between the remains of earlier and later periods, since this provides an understanding of changes in land use through time. Because of their rarity in a national context, excellent state of preservation and inter-connections, most prehistoric monuments on the Lake District fells will be identified as nationally important.

The prehistoric cairnfield and linear boundary on Thwaites Fell immediately north of Hodgewife Well survives reasonably well. It forms part of a well-preserved prehistoric landscape extending along the fellsides of south west Cumbria which represents evidence of long-term management and exploitation of this area in prehistoric times.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a prehistoric cairnfield and linear boundary on Thwaites Fell immediately north of Hodgewife Well which represents Bronze Age exploitation of this landscape. The cairnfield lies on fairly level ground and consists of six round and oval-shaped clearance cairns measuring between 3.5m to 8m in diameter and up to 0.5m high. Running to the north of the cairnfield the linear boundary consists of a discontinuous low stone bank or wall 1m-3m wide and 0.1m high which can be traced over a distance of at least 350m. It is aligned north west-south east and its longest continuous length can be seen running down the east-facing hillslope. It is more fragmentary on boggy flatter ground where it may have become partly obscured by vegetation growth.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 35012

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Leech, R H, Thwaites Fell LDNPS Survey Catalogue, (1984)
Leech, R H, Thwaites Fell LDNPS Survey Catalogue, (1984)
Quartermaine, J, Leech, R H, Upland Settlement of the Lake District: Result of Recent Surveys, (1997)
Quartermaine, J, Leech, R H, Upland Settlement of the Lake District: Result of Recent Surveys, (1997)

End of official listing