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Leather Barrow

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Leather Barrow

List entry Number: 1021158

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Somerset

District: West Somerset

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Luxborough

County: Somerset

District: West Somerset

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Treborough

National Park: EXMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 12-Nov-2003

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 35706

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Exmoor is the most easterly of the three main upland areas in the south western peninsula of England. In contrast to the others, Dartmoor and Bodmin Moor, there has been no history of antiquarian research and little excavation of its monuments. However, detailed survey work by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England has confirmed a comparable richness of archaeological remains, with evidence of human exploitation and occupation from the Mesolithic period to the present day. Many of the field monuments surviving on Exmoor date from the later prehistoric period. Examples include stone settings, stone alignments, standing stones, and burial mounds (`barrows'). Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating to the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Over 370 bowl barrows, varying in diameter from 2m to 35m, have been recorded on Exmoor. Many of these are found on or close to the summits of the three east-west ridges which cross the moor - the southern escarpment, the central ridge, and the northern ridge - whilst individual barrows and groups may also be found on lower lying ground and hillslopes. Those which occupy prominent locations form a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.



Despite the surface of the mound having been disturbed by animal activity, Leather Barrow survives well and will contain archaeological deposits and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. Additionally, it is one of a number of round barrows which occupy prominent positions on or near a well-defined course along the Brendon Hills, sometimes referred to as the Brendon Hills Ridge.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, known as Leather Barrow, which is located on Withiel Hill on the western side of the Brendon Hills, a broad ridge which dominates the eastern region of Exmoor. The barrow is formed by an earth and stone mound 3.3m in height with a diameter of 23m. In keeping with other bowl barrows in the region, the mound is surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried for the construction of the mound and, although it is no longer visible at ground level, the ditch will survive as a buried feature up to 2.5m wide. The origin of the barrow's name is not clear although it is recorded on the Ordnance Survey 1st edition 1-inch map of 1809 as Leather Barrow, it may have been known as Withel Barrow prior to that date according to an earlier source. It is situated at the junction of three boundary banks which form the remains of a field system of possible post-medieval date and may have been used as a point of alignment during the construction of the banks. The boundary which extends southwards from the junction forms part of the Luxborough and Treborough parish boundary. All fencing and fence posts are included in the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of Somerset Archaelogical & Natural History Society' in Somerset Barrows, , Vol. 113, (1969), 35
Other
SS 93 NE 8, National Monuments Record,

National Grid Reference: SS 98906 35534

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1021158 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 18-Nov-2017 at 04:02:56.

End of official listing