Two round barrows 150m south west and 180m south east of Prince Parc
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1021163
Date first listed: 05-Mar-2003
Date of most recent amendment: 12-Nov-2003
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)
Parish: St. Columb Major
National Grid Reference: SW 92158 67224, SW 92355 67181
Reasons for Designation
Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to
the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered
single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as
cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are
over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already
been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area
where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl
or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
Despite limited modification, the two round barrows 150m south west and 180m south east of Prince Parc survive fairly well. The underlying old land surfaces, and remains of any structures or other deposits associated with these and with the upstanding earthworks, will also survive. The ridgetop location illustrates the important role of topography in prehistoric funerary activity.
The scheduling includes two prehistoric round barrows, situated on near
level ground on top of a ridge north of St Columb Major. They are
associated with other barrows beyond this scheduling, forming a small
outlying group within a wider hill and ridgetop barrow cemetery. The
scheduling is divided into two separate areas of protection.
The western barrow in the scheduling has an earth and stone mound with a
sub-circular plan and a bowl-like profile, measuring around 22.8m across
and 1.3m high. It is considered to have been smoothed by ploughing. There
is no evidence of a ditch surrounding the mound.
The barrow to the east has a mound containing dark earth and shillet
(local stone) rubble. It is circular in plan, being approximately 20m in
diameter, and is reduced by ploughing, rising in a gentle curve to a
height of 0.3m. Again, no external ditch is known.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 32983
Legacy System: RSM
MS at RIC library, Truro. Date approx, Henderson, C, Notebooks of Parochial Antiquities, Notebooks of Parochial Antiquities, (1917)
Saunders, AD, AM7, (1956)
SW 96 NW 26, Brown, JG, Ordnance Survey Index Card, (1977)
SW 96 NW 26, Fletcher, MJ, Ordnance Survey Index Card, (1972)
SW 96 NW 48, Quinnell, NV, Ordnance Survey Index Card, (1977)
Title: Cornwall Mapping Project Source Date: 1995 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:
Title: Ordnance Survey 1" Map Source Date: 1810 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: Date approx
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 Map Source Date: 1880 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: Date approx.
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 Map Source Date: 1908 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: Date approx.
Title: St Columb Major Tithe Apportionment Source Date: 1840 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:
Title: St Columb Major Tithe Apportionment Source Date: 1840 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: 1855
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing