Two round barrows 800m south of Farfields

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1021167

Date first listed: 20-Jun-1967

Date of most recent amendment: 22-Dec-2003

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two round barrows 800m south of Farfields
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale (District Authority)

Parish: Lockton

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

National Grid Reference: SE 83795 87561

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited disturbance, the two round barrows 800m south of Farfields have survived well. Significant information about the original form of the barrows and the burials placed within them will be preserved. Evidence for earlier land use and the contemporary environment will also survive beneath the barrow mounds. The close association between the two barrows and with other similar monuments in the surrounding area provides insight into the distribution of ritual and funerary activity across the landscape during the prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two round barrows which are situated in a prominent position on the southern slopes of the Tabular Hills. The northern barrow has an earth and stone mound which measures 18m in diameter and stands up to 1.5m high. The southern barrow lies 27m to the south east. It has an earth and stone mound which measures 21m in diameter and stands up to 2m high. Partial excavation in the past has left a hollow in the centres of both mounds.

The monument lies in an area where there are many other prehistoric monuments, including further burials and the remains of prehistoric land division.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 35457

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. 87, (1993)
Other
Bastow, M, AM107, (1998)

End of official listing