Green Barrow on Hawkridge Common
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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This copy shows the entry on 22-Feb-2020 at 19:29:35.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- West Somerset (District Authority)
- Withypool and Hawkridge
- National Park:
- National Grid Reference:
- SS 81791 34564
Reasons for Designation
Exmoor is the most easterly of the three main upland areas in the south
western peninsula of England. In contrast to the others, Dartmoor and
Bodmin Moor, there has been no history of antiquarian research and little
excavation of its monuments. However, detailed survey work by the Royal
Commission on the Historical Monuments of England has confirmed a
comparable richness of archaeological remains, with evidence of human
exploitation and occupation from the Mesolithic period to the present day.
Many of the field monuments surviving on Exmoor date from the later
prehistoric period. Examples include stone settings, stone alignments,
standing stones, and burial mounds (`barrows'). Bowl barrows, the most
numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating to the Late
Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to
the period 2400-1500BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds,
sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur
either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus
for burials in later periods. Over 370 bowl barrows, varying in diameter
from 2m to 35m, have been recorded on Exmoor. Many of these are found on
or close to the summits of the three east-west ridges which cross the moor
- the southern escarpment, the central ridge, and the northern ridge -
whilst individual barrows and groups may also be found on lower lying
ground and hillslopes. Those which occupy prominent locations form a major
visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
Despite disturbance in antiquity to the bowl barrow's mound, Green Barrow on Hawkridge Common survives comparatively well and will contain environmental evidence and archaeological deposits relating both to the monument and the wider landscape in which it was constructed. The barrow forms a visible element in an area of Exmoor which is rich in prehistoric monuments.
The monument includes Green Barrow, a bowl barrow of prehistoric date
located west of Knighton Combe on Hawkridge Common. The barrow lies in
isolation on a high, broad plateau of open moorland which slopes gradually
south towards Halscombe Allotment, overlooking Withypool Hill to the east.
It is formed by a well-defined level-topped mound 13.3m in diameter and
1.4m high. A pit, 2.7m by 2.2m and 0.5m deep has been dug into its
surface, probably in antiquity. In common with other bowl barrows recorded
in the region, the mound would have been surrounded by a ditch from which
material was quarried for the mound's construction. This is no longer
visible at ground level but will survive as a buried feature approximately
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of Somerset Archaelogical & Natural History Society' in Somerset Barrows, , Vol. 113, (1969), 42
SS 83 SW 3, National Monuments Record,
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing