Green Barrow on Hawkridge Common

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1021263

Date first listed: 24-Feb-2004

Map

Ordnance survey map of Green Barrow on Hawkridge Common
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Somerset

District: West Somerset (District Authority)

Parish: Withypool and Hawkridge

National Park: EXMOOR

National Grid Reference: SS 81791 34564

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Exmoor is the most easterly of the three main upland areas in the south western peninsula of England. In contrast to the others, Dartmoor and Bodmin Moor, there has been no history of antiquarian research and little excavation of its monuments. However, detailed survey work by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England has confirmed a comparable richness of archaeological remains, with evidence of human exploitation and occupation from the Mesolithic period to the present day. Many of the field monuments surviving on Exmoor date from the later prehistoric period. Examples include stone settings, stone alignments, standing stones, and burial mounds (`barrows'). Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating to the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Over 370 bowl barrows, varying in diameter from 2m to 35m, have been recorded on Exmoor. Many of these are found on or close to the summits of the three east-west ridges which cross the moor - the southern escarpment, the central ridge, and the northern ridge - whilst individual barrows and groups may also be found on lower lying ground and hillslopes. Those which occupy prominent locations form a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.



Despite disturbance in antiquity to the bowl barrow's mound, Green Barrow on Hawkridge Common survives comparatively well and will contain environmental evidence and archaeological deposits relating both to the monument and the wider landscape in which it was constructed. The barrow forms a visible element in an area of Exmoor which is rich in prehistoric monuments.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes Green Barrow, a bowl barrow of prehistoric date located west of Knighton Combe on Hawkridge Common. The barrow lies in isolation on a high, broad plateau of open moorland which slopes gradually south towards Halscombe Allotment, overlooking Withypool Hill to the east. It is formed by a well-defined level-topped mound 13.3m in diameter and 1.4m high. A pit, 2.7m by 2.2m and 0.5m deep has been dug into its surface, probably in antiquity. In common with other bowl barrows recorded in the region, the mound would have been surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried for the mound's construction. This is no longer visible at ground level but will survive as a buried feature approximately 1.5m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 35972

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of Somerset Archaelogical & Natural History Society' in Somerset Barrows, , Vol. 113, (1969), 42
Other
SS 83 SW 3, National Monuments Record,

End of official listing