Round barrow on Stony Rigg, 460m south of Greenlands Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1021300

Date first listed: 15-Apr-2004

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round barrow on Stony Rigg, 460m south of Greenlands Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Scarborough (District Authority)

Parish: Goathland

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

National Grid Reference: NZ 83957 03441

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The round barrow on Stony Rigg, 460m south of Greenlands Farm, is in a good state of preservation, despite limited disturbance by rabbit burrowing. Unlike most of the barrows in this area, it does not appear to have been excavated in the past and it will therefore have undisturbed archaeological deposits in the centre relating to the primary burials, which are less likely to survive in the part-excavated barrows. Evidence for earlier land use and the contemporary environment will also survive beneath the barrow mound. The barrows lie in an area where there are many other prehistoric burial monuments. The association with similar monuments provides insight into the distribution of ritual and funerary activity across the landscape during the prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round barrow which occupies an area of level ground in a prominent position on the North York Moors. It is situated on the northern edge of a line of whinstone quarries along the Cleveland Dyke.

The barrow has a well-defined sub-circular mound constructed from earth and stone, which measures up to 18m in diameter and stands up to 1.5m high. The surface of the mound is irregular because of burrowing by rabbits. To the south of the barrow, the northern edge of the whinstone quarries curves to the south to go around the mound.

The barrow lies in an area where there are many other prehistoric monuments, particularly burials, which are often located in prominent and highly visible locations in the landscape.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 35909

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
12223,

End of official listing