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Round barrow on Stony Rigg, 460m south of Greenlands Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round barrow on Stony Rigg, 460m south of Greenlands Farm

List entry Number: 1021300

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Scarborough

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Goathland

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 15-Apr-2004

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 35909

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The round barrow on Stony Rigg, 460m south of Greenlands Farm, is in a good state of preservation, despite limited disturbance by rabbit burrowing. Unlike most of the barrows in this area, it does not appear to have been excavated in the past and it will therefore have undisturbed archaeological deposits in the centre relating to the primary burials, which are less likely to survive in the part-excavated barrows. Evidence for earlier land use and the contemporary environment will also survive beneath the barrow mound. The barrows lie in an area where there are many other prehistoric burial monuments. The association with similar monuments provides insight into the distribution of ritual and funerary activity across the landscape during the prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round barrow which occupies an area of level ground in a prominent position on the North York Moors. It is situated on the northern edge of a line of whinstone quarries along the Cleveland Dyke.

The barrow has a well-defined sub-circular mound constructed from earth and stone, which measures up to 18m in diameter and stands up to 1.5m high. The surface of the mound is irregular because of burrowing by rabbits. To the south of the barrow, the northern edge of the whinstone quarries curves to the south to go around the mound.

The barrow lies in an area where there are many other prehistoric monuments, particularly burials, which are often located in prominent and highly visible locations in the landscape.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
12223,

National Grid Reference: NZ 83957 03441

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1021300 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 09:27:09.

End of official listing