Bowl barrow 490m west of Gores Farm
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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This copy shows the entry on 22-Nov-2019 at 23:15:29.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- City of Peterborough (Unitary Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- TF 26495 01577
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
The bowl barrow 490m west of Gores Farm is well preserved, having been protected by overlying deposits of peat and clay, and will contain a wealth of information relating to the barrow's construction, the manner and duration of its use, as well as ritual and domestic activity on the site. Buried soils underneath the mound will retain valuable archaeological evidence concerning landuse in the area prior to the construction of the barrow, while organic deposits preserved in the ditch will shed light on environmental conditions (eg climate, flora and fauna) since the construction of the barrow. The monument has additional importance as part of a diffuse barrow lanscape at Eye and Thorney.
The monument includes a bowl barrow situated approximately 490m west of Gores
Farm. The barrow has been covered and protected by later deposits of marine
clay and peat, from which the mound emerges. It is visible as a slight gravel
rise of 0.3m high and 23m in diameter. The deeper lying remains of the barrow
are preserved underneath the Fen deposits and include an encircling ditch,
from which earth was dug in the construction of the mound. The ditch has
become infilled over the years, but survives as a buried feature and is
visible on aerial photographs as a cropmark (an area of enhanced growth
resulting from higher levels of moisture retained by the underlying
archaeological feature). By comparison with examples excavated elsewhere in
the area, it is thought to measure 5m wide. The barrow is situated on a
gravel peninsula along the prehistoric Fen edge, a location that, with its
mixture of wetter and drier grounds and easy access along the waterways,
attracted prehistoric activity. The monument is part of a diffuse barrow
landscape at Eye and Thorney, other elements of which are subject to separate
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing