Two bowl barrows 940m south east of Bar Pasture Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1021313

Date first listed: 26-Nov-2004

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows 940m south east of Bar Pasture Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: City of Peterborough (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Thorney

National Grid Reference: TF 25919 01853

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The two bowl barrows 940m south east of Bar Pasture Farm are well preserved, having been protected by overlying deposits of peat and clay. They will contain a wealth of information relating to the barrows' construction, the manner and duration of their use, as well as ritual and domestic activity on the site. Buried soils underneath the mounds will retain valuable archaeological evidence concerning landuse in the area prior to the construction of the barrows, while organic deposits preserved in the ditches will shed light on environmental conditions (eg climate, flora and fauna) since the construction of the barrows. The monument has additional importance as part of a diffuse barrow landscape.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two bowl barrows situated 940m south east of Bar Pasture Farm. The barrows have been covered and protected by later deposits of marine clay and peat, from which the mounds emerge. They are visible as sandy gravel rises against the darker peat. The easternmost barrow's mound stands 0.4m high and measures 40m in diameter, while the westernmost mound is 0.3m high with a 30m diameter. The deeper lying remains of the barrows are preserved underneath the Fen deposits and include encircling ditches, from which earth was dug in the construction of the mounds. They have become infilled over the years but survive as buried features visible on air photographs as cropmarks (areas of enhanced growth resulting from higher levels of moisture retained by the underlying archaeological features). By comparison with examples excavated elsewhere in the area, they are thought to measure approximately 5m wide. Several pieces of ploughed up worked flint have been found on top of the mounds. The barrows are situated on a gravel island along the prehistoric Fen edge, a location that, with its mixture of wetter and drier soils and easy access along the waterways, attracted prehistoric activity. The barrows are part of a diffuse barrow landscape, elements of which are subject to separate schedulings.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 33396

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing