Three bowl barrows and a ring ditch 590m and 500m north west of The Four Winds
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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This copy shows the entry on 14-Oct-2019 at 13:59:30.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- City of Peterborough (Unitary Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- TF 18976 05186, TF 19048 05125
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
The bowl barrows and ring ditch 590m and 500m north west of the Four Winds are well-preserved, having been protected by overlying deposits of peat and clay. They will contain a wealth of information relating to the barrows' construction, the manner and duration of their use, as well as ritual and domestic activity on the site. Buried soils underneath the mounds will retain valuable archaeological evidence concerning landuse in the area prior to the construction of the barrows, while organic deposits preserved in the ditches will shed light on environmental conditions (eg climate, flora and fauna) since the construction of the barrows. The monument has additional importance as part of a diffuse barrow landscape.
The monument includes three bowl barrows and a ring ditch which lie within
two separate areas of protection, situated approximately 590m and 500m north
west of The Four Winds. The barrows have been covered and protected by later
deposits of marine clay and peat, from which the mounds now emerge. They are
visible as sandy gravel rises against the darker peat. The deeper lying
remains of the barrows are preserved underneath the Fen deposits and include
their encircling ditches, from which earth was dug in the construction of the
mounds. The ditches have become infilled over the years but survive as buried
features, which are visible on aerial photographs as cropmarks (areas of
enhanced growth resulting from higher levels of moisture retained by the
underlying archaeological features). The ring ditch is preserved as a buried
feature visible as a cropmark, as well as a soilmark on the ground during dry
The westernmost barrow mound is partly preserved underneath Drain Road, and
partly in a ploughed field, where it is visible as a 0.1m high rise with
diameter of 16m. It survives to a greater height underneath Drain Road, which
rises as it crosses the barrow and lies about 2m higher than the neighbouring
field. The barrow's encircling ditch is thought to measure 4m wide by
comparison with examples excavated elsewhere in the area. Immediately to the
north east is a 4m wide ring ditch, which encloses an area 16m in diameter.
At its centre is a small circular ditch.
About 90m to the south east is a group of two barrows protected in a separate
area. The westernmost barrow's mound stands up to 0.1m high with a diameter
of 11m. Its surrounding ditch is thought to measure 3m wide. About 50m to the
north east is another barrow, whose mound measures 16m in diameter and 0.3m
high and is encircled by a 4m wide ditch.
The barrows and ring ditch are situated on river gravels along the
prehistoric Fen edge, a location that, with its mixture of wetter and drier
grounds and easy access along the waterways, attracted prehistoric activity.
It is part of a diffuse barrow landscape, other elements of which are subject
to separate schedulings.
The modern surfacing of Drain Road is excluded from the scheduling, although
the ground beneath it is included.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing