Small enclosed settlement in Knuck Wood


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1021363

Date first listed: 30-Jun-2005


Ordnance survey map of Small enclosed settlement in Knuck Wood
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This copy shows the entry on 16-Dec-2018 at 08:57:25.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Shropshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Mainstone

National Grid Reference: SO 27601 86736


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

During the Iron Age and Roman period a variety of settlement types were constructed throughout Britain. Small enclosed settlements consist of discrete areas of occupation, bounded largely or wholly by continuous single or concentric ditches, banks or walls, and palisades. The size of these curvilinear or rectilinear enclosures is generally less than 2ha. They were occupied by a small community, perhaps a single family or several related family groups. In their original form the enclosures contained a single main domestic building, or several clusters of domestic buildings. These structures are normally circular and are often associated with rectangular buildings used for the storage of agricultural produce. Small enclosed settlements became common features in the landscape during the second half of the first millennium BC and throughout the Roman period. They were the dwelling places of people engaged in small-scale farming and craft production. Considerable numbers of small enclosed settlements are known, but most have been levelled by ploughing. All small enclosed settlements where earthwork or standing structural remains survive are considered to be of national importance. The small enclosed settlement in Knuck Wood is a good example of this class of monument. In common with other broadly contemporary settlements in this area, it is considered to contain significant buried deposits, structural features, artefactual and organic remains, which have the potential to illustrate many aspects of life during the Iron Age and Roman period. The earthworks forming the enclosure will retain evidence about their construction. Organic remains surviving in the buried ground surface beneath the bank and within the ditch will provide information about the local environment, including the use of the surrounding land, before the settlement was built and during its occupation.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a small enclosed settlement, which is either Iron Age or Romano-British in origin, situated at the south eastern end of the summit of a steep-sided spur between the River Unk and a tributary to the south. It lies just over 2km ESE of another small enclosed settlement of broadly contemporary date, which is the subject of a separate scheduling. The enclosed settlement in Knuck Wood is sub-rectangular in plan. Its overall dimensions are approximately 70m south west-north east by 105m north west-south east. The internal area of the settlement is about 0.35ha and is defined by an earth and stone bank. The top of the bank is level with the interior and the scarp forming the outer face varies in height around the circuit. Along the northern side, the bank steadily increases in height from 0.5m at the west to 1.7m at the east, partly reflecting the natural fall of the ground, while the eastern side of the enclosure has been formed by artificially accentuating the side of the spur. The bank around the southern and south western sides is the most pronounced and varies in height from 1.5m to 2.4m. The base of the bank further north on the western side has been cut by a road. With the probable exception of the eastern side, the bank is bounded by an external ditch, which has been infilled, and for much of its length it survives well as a buried feature. The ditch is discernible as a slight terrace between 3m and 4m wide along the southern and south western sides. The northern part of the ditch on the western side has been modified by the construction of the road, and as a consequence is not included in the scheduling. The exact location of the entrance into the enclosure is not clear, but is likely to be towards the western end of the northern side, where the opposing ground is level. All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 35877

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing