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GRITTLETON HOUSE

List Entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: GRITTLETON HOUSE

List entry Number: 1022310

Location

GRITTLETON HOUSE, YATTON KEYNELL ROAD

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Grittleton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: II*

Date first listed: 29-Feb-1988

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 315874

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

In the entry for: In the entry for:- GRITTLETON YATTON KEYNELL ROAD ST 87 NE and ST 88 SE

7/63 and 3/63 Grittleton House

GV II*

The description should be amended as follows:-

At the end of the first paragraph (line 65) after "slightly projected bays"

INSERT

Statue in niche to south-facing wall of NE wing, depicting female figure in classical dress, remains from auction of Neeld collection of statues in 1966.

Line 4 of the second paragraph after "Neeld sculpture collection was displayed".

INSERT

Statue remaining from upper tier of niches, and from auction of Neeld collection in 1966.

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GRITTLETON YATTON KEYNELL ROAD ST 87 NE and ST 88 SE

7/63 Bind 3/63 Grittleton House

GV II *

Country house, now school, c1832 to 1856 by James Thomson with some modifications 1853-4 by H. Clutton, for Joseph Neeld. Ashlar, in small coursed blocks, with stone slate roofs, Jacobean shaped gables and numerous high shaped stacks. Very large scale, 2 1/2 to 3- storey double-pile main range with 2-storey north end square plan service court. Stylistically mixed reflecting two main phases of building; c1832-40 and 1853-6 and also a change of architect in 1853-4, but essentially of a round-arched character, more crudely detailed in the earlier, north end, and with a distinctive Italian Trecento flavour and richer carving in the centre and south end. The north end, the large wing at left end of entrance front and right of garden front, with a single bay adjoining, was built by 1843 when it was illustrated in J.E. Jackson's 'History of Grittleton', but with different gable treatment. This was a part- refacing and addition to the existing C17 house, which was demolished for the major extension of 1852-6, initially designed by Thomson (his design published Builder 11 281), but in 1853 Thomson was replaced by Clutton, who was in turn sacked in 1854, having altered certain details, the bay-window designs, the design of the central tower, the conservatory and substituted Jacobean gables for the pyramid-roofed angle turrets proposed by Thomson. Thomson appears to have completed the house 1854-6, though a design for the porte-cochere was exhibited 1863 at the Royal Academy by J.J. Thomson Jr. Exterior: both east and west fronts have tall centre and end pavilions with Jacobean gables (that to garden front centre dated PR 1827 I N 1851) and projecting bays of differing designs. The wings between the gables also differ, though some measure of over-all symmetry is achieved. Centre heavily detailed tower with sunk panels to attic and flat pinnacles. West, entrance, front has projected porch bay to centre pavilion and large porte-cochere beyond. Porte-cochere is round-arched with Neeld motto in pierced parapet. Ornate round-arched front door. First floor 'Florentine' traceried arched window (i.e. with two arched-lights within main arch) and attic semi-circular ashlar oriel with cornice and parapet carried round. Main pavilion behind has ornate first floor angle windows set diagonally behind an angle shaft with arch on each face. Wings have similar cornices and parapets, but differ otherwise, earlier wing to left has 3-storey 2-window elevation, the left bay as illustrated in 1843, the right presumably added to match. Left end pavilion has large 2-storey square bay of 1:3:1- arched lights, the upper arches on full height shafts with carved caps. Pierced parapet and attic 2-light, as illustrated in 1843, but gable altered. Earlier work has small-paned windows while later work has plate-glass. Wing to right of centre is of same height but 2-storey, 3-window, with ornately carved and shafted 2- light windows, square-headed below, round-arched above. Convex- curved one-window section in angle to right. Right pavilion has very large 2-storey square bay of 2:6:2-lights in a round-arched version of Venetian Gothic Ca d'oro type (i.e. with quatrefoils above tall ground floor lights). Stilted-arched heads, carved caps and transom with shaft rings. Upper windows are simpler, without transom or quatrefoils. East front is broadly similar but bay- windows are canted. Centre has arched doorway with finely carved boss, Ca d'oro type stair-light above, of large transomed curved oriel with side-lights, pierced parapet and attic long 2-light. South end has array of ridge stacks, pierced parapet, cornice, nine first floor 2-light windows with stilted-arched lights and hoodmoulds and very large ground floor ashlar conservatory with corrugated plastic roof cladding. 4:3:4 bay front, 2 bays deep, arcaded with chamfered piers and moulded arches, the centre 3 bays bow-fronted. Some of the original cast-iron tracery survives in centre and end bays. North end service court is relatively plain with similar 2-storey, 4-window fronts and hipped roofs to west and east. Mullion-and-transom windows, 2-light above, 3-light below, vertically arranged in slightly projected bays. Interiors: theatrical sequence of principal spaces on a cross- plan, the short axis of entrance hall, central hall and grand stair intersecting the long axial sequence of full-height top-lit 'vestibules' in which the Neeld sculpture collection was displayed. The central-hall rises a full three storeys to a rococo-style plaster roof, fine stone arcading all around and first floor balcony, iron second floor balcony. The staircase is a processional sequence of horseshoe approach to an imperial stair with bronzed cast-iron railings of intersected arcade pattern. Coffered ceiling. To north, two top-lit octagonal plaster-vaulted spaces with angle shafting and barrel-vaulted space beyond with plaster transverse ribs, as illustrated in 1843. Early C19 stained glass in north end window. To south a single large top-lit space with arcaded gallery. Main rooms are chiefly notable for monumental marble fireplaces, as Neeld intended his pictures to be the principal decoration. South west dining room and south-east Drawing Room, then adjoining Billiard-Room on west and Library opposite, this last with original mahogany bookcases, scagliola Corinthian columns and curious bronze tripods as decorative feature on bookcases and windows. Rooms to north of hall are considerably simpler. First floor has one remarkable plaster ceiling to Winter Drawing Room over front entrance, with Gothic pendants, more typical of early C19. (Wiltshire Record Office, 1305/83, has accounts of c1847-56 and extensive material relating to 1855 lawsuit between Neeld and Clutton. Among named craftsmen, Joseph White is mentioned for stone-carving, Potter of London for ironwork, Parsons of London for plasterwork; Original drawings by Thomson of c1852-3 are at the house; J.E. Jackson, A History of the Parish of Grittleton, 1843, contains illustrations of the house by C.J. Richardson; Builder, 11 279 and 281, gives elevation and plan as intended by Thomson, 1853; Countess Badeni, Wiltshire Forefathers, 1960, 68-75; N. Pevsner, Wiltshire, 1975, 261-2; Country Life, 22 September 1966)

Listing NGR: ST8609179998

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Badeni, J , Wiltshire Forefathers, (1960), 68-75
Jackson, J E , A History of the Parish of Grittleton, (1843)
Pevsner, N , The Buildings of England: Wiltshire, (1975), 261-2
'Country Life' in 22 September, (1966)
'The Builder' in The Builder, , Vol. 11, (), 279, 271

National Grid Reference: ST 86091 79998

Map

Map
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End of official listing