Heritage Category:
Listed Building
List Entry Number:
Date first listed:
Statutory Address:


Ordnance survey map of CHURCH OF THE HOLY ROOD
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Statutory Address:

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Vale of White Horse (District Authority)
National Grid Reference:
SU 34684 87540


SPARSHOLT SPARSHOLT STREET SU38NW (East side) 6/139 Church of the Holy Rood. 24/11/66


Church. Late C12 nave, late C13 tower, early C14 chancel and transept, late C18 porch. Coursed sarsen and chalk rubble to chancel, otherwise all rendered over in roughcast; stone slate and tiled roof except wood shingles to tower. Original cruciform plan with west tower, but north transept demolished c.1785. Norman, Decorated and Perpendicular styles. Late C19 4-light reticulated-style east window, three 2-light early C14 windows to south wall of chancel; 2 identical windows to north wall which has late C15 vestry with 2-light late C15 window with arched heads and one late C19 pointed door.Decorated to parapet. South transept has 4-light reticulated-style early C14 south window; one 2-light early C14 window to each side wall, although west window has two 2-light early C14 windows, and one 3-light late C15 window with arched heads over late C18 porch; late C12 doorway, hood mould over round arch, water- leaf and stiff-leaf capitals to engaged columns; late C12 double doors with original crescent hinges. South wall of nave has two 2-light early C14 windows, and one 3-light late C15 window with arched heads over early C13 blocked door which has round arch and stiff-leaf capitals to engaged columns. Interior: Very fine decorated piscina and sedilia, with ogee cusped heads and ballflower ornament; adjoins reclining early C14 effigy in ogee headed and cusped tomb recess; similar tomb recess in opposite wall; several C15 brasses in chancel floor; late C19 benches and desks except two restored with C15 carved bench- ends and one desk-end; original carved corbels to 4-bay C17 collar truss roof. Late C19 chancel screen in C13 chancel arch. C13 arch to south transept; C13 screen has cinquefoiled arches and shaft rings to shafts much restored below; 3 C14 oak effigies, removed from original position, 2 being under similar tomb recesses to those in the chancel; piscina in wall; chalk aedicule, coloured, to John Pleydell, 1591, and his wife, has oval tablet flanked by Ionic columns and strapwork carving; 2-bay roof, tie beam with crossed braces, probably late C18. Nave has late C19 pulpit, lectern and benches; ledger stones to aisle floor; C14 stained glass, including some C13 grisaille glass, in middle windows of south and north walls; 5-bay late C15 roof, arch-braced to carved corbels. The carved oak effigies are very rare, and represent Sir Robert Archard (1353) and his wives Joan (13361 and Agnes (1356). It is thought that Sir Robert was responsible for the building of the chancel and transepts in the early C14. Buildings of England, Berkshire, pp. 223-4.

Listing NGR: SU3468287546


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

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Books and journals
Pevsner, N, The Buildings of England: Berkshire, (1966), 223-4


This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

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Date: 11 Nov 2006
Reference: IOE01/16188/09
Rights: Copyright IoE Tim Belcher. Source Historic England Archive
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