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BROOKE COURT

List Entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: BROOKE COURT

List entry Number: 1051028

Location

BROOKE COURT, 1-16, PARKLEYS

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Greater London Authority

District: Richmond upon Thames

District Type: London Borough

Parish:

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: II

Date first listed: 22-Dec-1998

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 471922

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

TQ 1771 PARKLEYS, HAM COMMON

22/23/10053 Nos.1-16 Brooke Court

22.12.1998

GV II

Courtyard development of four blocks of flats. 1954-5 by Eric Lyons for Bargood Estates Ltd, subsequently Span Developments Ltd; Geoffrey Paulson Townsend developer, G Scoble project architect, Wates builders. Brick cross- and partition walls, concrete floor slabs, 'Eternit' block and tile hanging to facades. Flat felted roofs. Two brick stacks to each block. Two storeys. Nos. 1-4 a rectangular block of six bays set at south end of courtyard, abutting Nos. 4-6 Marlowe Court. Nos. 5-8 abutting the other end of Nos. 4-6 Marlowe Court and set back from Nos. 9-12. Nos. 13-16 at right angles closing the courtyard. Nos. 13-16 also of six bays, the others of five. All blocks with horizontal strip timber windows, set in threes between projecting exposed crosswalls, except where noted. Nos. 1-4 has entrance way in third bay from east. North facade has large plate glass windows to right of entrance, divided by horizontal panel. Bays to either side have two deeper windows divided at sill level and with window boxes to each storey; other bays with one blind light in alternating composition. South facade has entrance to ground floor with vertical two-light staircase window to first floor and louvres to both storeys. Other bays in mirrored composition about centre, with some blind panels. Paved ground and first floors; steel balustrade with timber panels to first flight and landing. Green glass to store doors. Nos. 5-8 has similar glazing but with west bay of south facade blind, instead having square windows in each storey of west end with 'Eternit' panel in between. These variations reduced the problems of overlooking. Paved ground- and first-floor landings, with brown-red terrazzo stairs. Steel balustrade with timber panels to first flight and landing, green glass to store doors. Nos. 9-12 identical but with blind bay and end fenestration to east. Stairs behind screening timber store, identical to those to Nos. 5-8 but with blue glass. Nos. 13-16 have, on north front, two deeper windows to each storey either side of entrance bay; other bays with one blind light in alternating composition, including extra bay to left. Rear elevation mirrored around centre. Staircase similar to that serving Nos. 5-8, but with blue glass to store doors. No. 13 has a French window on the west side. Interiors noted to have originally had wood floors and some with sliding partitions, but have not been inspected. Brooke Court is one of the most complex courtyards in the Parkleys Estate, the first, largest and perhaps the most influential of Eric Lyons's developments for Span. Eric Lyons and Geoffrey Townsend met in the late 1930s and renewed their partnership after wartime service. They developed a number of small private developments in the south-west London and north Surrey borders, until in 1954 Townsend set himself up as a developer and was forced to give up his RIBA membership. This is their first mature work, and their first as Span Developments Ltd. It is on the site of a nursery, and the blocks of flats were carefully laid out so that existing trees were kept, and the nursery stock and its gardener were taken over as part of the development. It is laid out as a series of cul-de-sacs and pedestrian quadrangles. The combination of two and three-storey blocks is distinctive to Parkleys, while that of brick and tile hanging was repeated subsequently in Span works, particularly at Blackheath. Their mixture of old materials used in a modern manner makes for a humane environment that was much admired. Lyons's squares and terraces were a modern vernacular answer to the Georgian tradition of central London, set in lush suburban landscaping but at such relatively high densities (about eighty persons per acre) that Span were frequently in dispute with planning authorities. Parkleys was developed for first-time buyers, and Span was one of the first companies to promote the endowment mortgage. It is also the first example of the system of residents' management companies set up by Span which has kept most of their developments in such exceptional condition. Each leaseholder contributes to the funding of paid maintenance staff, and is a member of the management company that runs the estate. Eric Lyons was admired for 'bridging the gap' between speculative work and the creativity most architects of his generation only found in the public sector. 'Twenty years ago he would have been regarded as barely respectable, today he is important. He may even come to be looked back upon as a key figure'. (Architectural Review, February 1959). The opportunity to work in such a close partnership with a sympathetic development enabled Lyons to pursue his own ideas in materials, layout and design. Yet the blocks had to be simple, for 'the architect has to design and organise so that buildings can be produced at the same cost as a builder's scheme providing the same accommodation', or so Townsend told the Architects' Journal (20 January 1955).



Listing NGR: TQ1801071658

Selected Sources

Books and journals
'Architects Journal' in 20 January, (1955), 72
'Architect and Building News' in 27 November, (1957), 715-24
'Architectural Review' in February, (1959), 108-120
'Architecture and Building' in August, (1955), 289-94

National Grid Reference: TQ 18010 71658

Map

Map
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End of official listing