FRY'S HOUSE OF MERCY

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
II
List Entry Number:
1052244
Date first listed:
04-Mar-1977
Statutory Address:
FRY'S HOUSE OF MERCY, COLSTON PARADE

Map

Ordnance survey map of FRY'S HOUSE OF MERCY
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Location

Statutory Address:
FRY'S HOUSE OF MERCY, COLSTON PARADE

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
City of Bristol (Unitary Authority)
National Grid Reference:
ST 59115 72219

Details

BRISTOL

901-1/42/1672 COLSTON PARADE 04-MAR-1977 REDCLIFFE (South side) FRY'S HOUSE OF MERCY

II

Almshouse, 1784 with C20 internal alterations, endowed by William Fry.

MATERIALS: Coarse roughcast walls, limestone parapet, brick chimneys behind the ridge of the pantile roof.

PLAN: Two storied, double-depth plan, with a long range to rear.

EXTERIOR: Symmetrical three-bay elevation in the Gothick style. The central two-leaf door has strap hinges (a modern replacement), and scrolled ends and sits within a four-centred moulded arch on uncarved imposts and moulded jambs. The lancet windows to both floors have Y-tracery with two leaded casements with interlacing heads. The elevation is surmounted with a crenellated parapet with cornice beneath. An oval panel above the doorway reads FRY'S/ HOUSE OF MERCY/ 1784.

INTERIOR: Not inspected but rebuilt behind the façade in after 1945.

HISTORY: The almshouse was founded in 1778 and completed in 1784. It was endowed by William Fry, a local distiller, and built to house twelve widows; the almshouse was connected to the parish of St. Mary Redcliffe, which no doubt explains its choice of Gothick. Following bomb damage during WWII the almshouses were partly rebuilt behind the façade.

SOURCES: Folyle, Andrew. Bristol Pevsner Architectural Guide (2004), 181.

REASONS FOR DESIGNATION: Fry's House of Mercy, an almshouse of 1784, is designated at Grade II for the following principal reasons:

* Architectural interest: in particular for its gothick design * Historic interest: one of a number of surviving C18 philanthropic buildings within the city and one that continues to be used for its original purpose * Group value: with St Mary Redcliffe church (Grade I listed) opposite and the C18 and C19 houses adjacent to it on Colston Parade (all listed Grade II)

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
379343
Legacy System:
LBS

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Images of England

Images of England was a photographic record of every listed building in England, created as a snap shot of listed buildings at the turn of the millennium. These photographs of the exterior of listed buildings were taken by volunteers between 1999 and 2008. The project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Date: 17 Apr 2004
Reference: IOE01/11866/17
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr Ian Garman. Source Historic England Archive
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