Royal Exchange

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
I
List Entry Number:
1064713
Date first listed:
04-Jan-1950
Statutory Address:
Royal Exchange, Cornhill EC3
Statutory Address:
Royal Exchange, Threadneedle Street EC2

Map

Ordnance survey map of Royal Exchange
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Location

Statutory Address:
Royal Exchange, Cornhill EC3
Statutory Address:
Royal Exchange, Threadneedle Street EC2

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Greater London Authority
District:
City and County of the City of London (London Borough)
National Grid Reference:
TQ 32825 81144

Details

This list entry was subject to a Minor Amendment on 10/02/2016

TQ 3281 SE 10/293

CORNHILL EC3 (North Side) Royal Exchange

4.1.50.

I 1841 to 1844, by Sir William Tite. Building of two main storeys round arcaded courtyard, formerly open. Rich, heavy classical style in Portland stone. Eight columned portico to west with figure sculpture in tympanum of pediment and three arched openings behind with barrel vaults above. Side elevations pilastered, with arcades incorporating shops below a mezzanine and upper windows with shaped heads. Three central bays have richer carving and single, recessed entrance. Two statues to north elevation. Attic storey behind modelled parapet and balustrade. Pairs of chimney stacks connected by arches. Curved corners at rear and central portico of four engaged columns. Pilastered tower above with large statue of Sir Thomas Evesham, pair of consoles and two flanking turrets, topped by urns and lantern with pairs of columns set diagonally and crowning cupola.

Interior approached through decorative iron gates. Two storeys, treated with arcading and orders of engaged Doric and Ionic columns. Arched and pedimented first floor windows and large bracketed cornice now supporting heavy roof of cast iron and glass with coving, central dome and much enrichment. Central area has patterned paving. Cloister walls plain with series of C19 and C20 historical paintings of varied quality. Statues of Queen Elizabeth 1844, by M.L Watson, Charles II by Gibbons (?), Queen Victoria by Sir William Hamo Thorneycroft, 1895, Prince Albert by J.G Lough, 1841/42, Bust of Abraham Lincoln by Andrew O'Connor, 1930.

The design of the building perpetuates the general form of its predecessors of 1566 and 1667-69. Listed grade I as the symbolic centre of the commercial life of the City as much as for its architectural quality.

Listing NGR: TQ3282581144

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
199407
Legacy System:
LBS

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Images of England

Images of England was a photographic record of every listed building in England, created as a snap shot of listed buildings at the turn of the millennium. These photographs of the exterior of listed buildings were taken by volunteers between 1999 and 2008. The project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Date: 21 Aug 2000
Reference: IOE01/01623/32
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr Jim Buckley. Source Historic England Archive
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