NATIONAL GALLERY

Overview

Heritage Category: Listed Building

Grade: I

List Entry Number: 1066236

Date first listed: 05-Feb-1970

Statutory Address: NATIONAL GALLERY, TRAFALGAR SQUARE WC2

Map

Ordnance survey map of NATIONAL GALLERY
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Location

Statutory Address: NATIONAL GALLERY, TRAFALGAR SQUARE WC2

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Greater London Authority

District: City of Westminster (London Borough)

National Grid Reference: TQ 29961 80544

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

TQ 2980 NE and 3080 NW CITY OF WESTMINSTER TRAFALGAR SQUARE, WC2 71/106; 72/134 5.2.70 National Gallery G.V. I Picture Gallery. 1832-38 by William Wilkins, built to "command" the north side of new square and house the Angerstein Collection, purchased by the government at the instance of George IV, as well as, originally, to accommodate the Royal Academy. Portland stone, concealed glazed gallery roofs. Fine, scholarly, Graeco-Roman classicism that reads well in perspective but is weak as a frontal composition with too even a balance in the accents that attempt to vary this long elevation. 2 storeys on plinth. 32 windows wide with central octastyle pedimented portico with secondary tetrastyle portico entrances and terminal pavilions. The central Corinthian portico is effectively raised on podium wall with flanking steps. Set back behind portico pediment is a stone cupolaed dome on stone drum. The centrepiece of the main portico is flanked by 2 giant pilastered bays before breaking back to the main wall plane of the wings. Architraved sash windows with cornices on ground floor, blind on 1st floor. The secondary Corinthian tetrastyle porticoes have parapets raised over central bay. The terminal pavilions have pairs of flanking giant pilasters and are surmounted by small octagonal stone cupolas with pierced work openings. 1st floor sill band; main entablature with dentil cornice and crowning balustraded parapet. The columns from Holland's demolished Carlton House were intended for the portico but in the end only bases and reworked capitals from Carlton House were reused for the secondary porticoes in the wings. On east facade frontal is a seated statue of Minerva by Flaxman made as a Britannia for Marble Arch. Existing interiors principally by E. M. Barry, 1867-76, vestibule and central hall by Sir J. Taylor, 1885-87. The National Gallery site had already been proposed for this purpose in Nash's Metropolitan Improvements as of course the overall plan of the square. Survey of London. Vol XX. Georgian London;John Summerson.

Listing NGR: TQ2996180544

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 207259

Legacy System: LBS

Sources

Books and journals
Summerson, J, Georgian London, (1945)
'Survey of London' in Trafalgar Square and neighbourhood The Parish of St Martin-in-the-Fields Part 3: Volume 20 , , Vol. 20, (1979)

End of official listing