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List Entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.


List entry Number: 1070675



The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Kent

District: Tonbridge and Malling

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Mereworth

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 01-Aug-1952

Date of most recent amendment: 04-Jul-1986

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 178867

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


In entry for:


2/43 Mereworth Castle 1.8.52 (main block) with GV moat walls to north

the moat walls shall be omitted to read:

Mereworth Castle (main block)



2/43 Mereworth Castle (main block) with 1.8.52 moat walls to north


House. Roofed 1723. Designed by Colin Campbell for John Fane, 1736 to become the Earl of Westmorland. Interior plasterwork by Francesco Bagutti and Fresco painting by Francesco Sleter. Based on Palladio's Villa Capra near Vicenza stuccoed in C18 'stone colour' with Portland stone porticos, entablatures and window surrounds. Leaded ribbed dome. Large square block with 4 identical fronts, excepting the lack of portico steps to east and west. String-course above basement, cornice-band at portico entablature level. Hipped slate roof carrying heavily banded almost hemispherical dome with blind lantern surrounded by high half-columns. Single pedimented and balconied 1st floor windows each side of Hexastyle Ionic porticos. Flight of steps up to north and south porticos. The block was originally moated, parts still visible to north. Garden balustrades to north, connecting with side walls and abutments of portico steps. Interior: Extremely important and an almost complete survival. Entrance Hall: Barrel-vaulted with plaster busts in shells over side doors and pair of female allegorical figures over arched doorway into central rotunda. Rotunda: 2 storeys and dome with plaster copping. Four major axial and four minor diagonal doorways on both floors, the upper to deep balustraded gallery on carved volute brackets. Cornice under gallery. Sumptuous plasterwork with pairs of female figures, putti and busts in shells over doorways, and rectangular relief panels, portrait busts and foliage drops arrayed on the walls. Axial doors with Ionic fluted doorcases in deep recesses with arched heads containing, east and west eagles with cartouches and wreaths, south, the Fane crest, and north, a bull's head in a coronet. Subsidiary doors below and axial doors above with triangular pediments. Library: Coved vault with central rectangular plaster compartments. Main doorcase with Corinthian half-columns and pediment, subsidiary doors with flat hoods. Shelves standing proud of the walls. West Bed-Chamber: Corner fireplace, compartmented painted and plastered ceiling with allegorical and antique scenes. Modillion cornice work pulvinated freize. West Dressing Room: 2 storey fireplace with 4 corner volutes supporting mantel. Compartmented painted and plastered ceiling with allegorical and Antique scenes. Modillion (cont'd ) cornice with pulvinated frieze. Long Gallery: Deep cove painted illusionis- tically in the early C18 Venetian style by Francesco Sleter, dated 1732. Central plaster compartments with 5 'quadro riportati' allegorical scenes by Sleter. Modillion cornice with frieze-decoration of masks and wreaths. 3 doorways, with Corinthian half-columned and triangular pedimented surrounds. 2 pedimented chimney-pieces. East Dressing Room: Central rectangular panel to ceiling with allegorical scene and painted decoration in ceiling corners. 2-storey pedimented chimney-piece. Apple floor in geometrical patterns. Modillion cornice with acanthus frieze. East Bedroom: Compartmented painted and plastered ceiling with allegorical and Antique scenes. Corner fireplace. Modillion cornice, scroll and putti relief frieze. Dining Room: Coved ceiling with scrolled plaster supports in corners. 3 compartment plaster ceiling in rectangular surround. Mid C18 rococo fireplace with volute supports. See Howard Stutchbury, the Architecture of Colin Campbell, Manchester, 1967, 54-58. Also John Harris, The Palladians, London, 1981, 66-67: Country Life, XLVII, 808,876,912; XCV, 242; CIV,728; CXVI, 209.

Listing NGR: TQ6686353282

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Harris, J, The Palladians, (1981), 66-67
Stutchbury, H E , The Architecture of Colen Campbell, (1967), 54-58
'Country Life' in Country Life, , Vol. 116, (), 209
'Country Life' in Country Life, , Vol. 116, (), 808 876
'Country Life' in Country Life, , Vol. 116, (), 912
'Country Life' in Country Life, , Vol. 116, (), 242
'Country Life' in Country Life, , Vol. 116, (), 728
Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in England, Part 24 Kent,

National Grid Reference: TQ 66895 53230


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End of official listing