Monument to the Molyneux Family, Kensal Green Cemetery
List Entry Summary
Name: Monument to the Molyneux Family, Kensal Green Cemetery
List entry Number: 1080631
Tomb of Molyneux Family, Kensal Green Cemetery, Harrow Road, London, W10 4RA
The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
County: Greater London Authority
District: Kensington and Chelsea
District Type: London Borough
Parish: Non Civil Parish
National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.
Date first listed: 07-Nov-1984
Date of most recent amendment: 03-Apr-2012
Legacy System Information
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System: LBS
List entry Description
Summary of Building
Granite and marble mausoleum, designed 1866.
Reasons for Designation
The mausoleum of the Molyneux family is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons: * Artistic interest: an unusually elaborate mausoleum, executed to a high standard of craftsmanship; * Group value: with other listed monuments within the Grade I registered Kensal Green Cemetery.
The Cemetery of All Souls at Kensal Green was the earliest of the large privately-run cemeteries established on the fringes of London to relieve pressure on overcrowded urban churchyards. Its founder George Frederick Carden intended it as an English counterpart to the great Père-Lachaise cemetery in Paris, which he had visited in 1821. In 1830, with the financial backing of the banker Sir John Dean Paul, Carden established the General Cemetery Company, and two years later an Act of Parliament was obtained to develop a 55-acre site at Kensal Green, then among open fields to the west of the metropolis. An architectural competition was held, but the winning entry – a Gothic scheme by HE Kendall – fell foul of Sir John's classicising tastes, and the surveyor John Griffith of Finsbury was eventually employed both to lay out the grounds and to design the Greek Revival chapels, entrance arch and catacombs, which were built between 1834 and 1837. A sequence of royal burials, beginning in 1843 with that of Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex, ensured the cemetery’s popularity. It is still administered by the General Cemetery Company, assisted since 1989 by the Friends of Kensal Green.
Mausoleum of the Molyneux family, 1866, designed by John Gibson, architect, and executed by John Underwood, mason. It is principally of pink Peterhead granite and Carrara marble, on a base of grey Rubislaw granite, with a panelled door of bronze. Octagonal in shape, each side sports a crocketed gable with finial, within which is an arched opening with trefoil-headed tympanum containing a shield, over panels of granite. Each side is separated by clusters of triple shafts with foliate capitals, supporting praying angels and crocketed pinnacles. The upper stage of the mausoleum has a frieze of trefoils and ballflower decoration, which formerly supported a squat spire. The door on the southern side sports eight panels with a six pointed star in each and the family name 'Molyneux' along the stile. The mausoleum is set within cast iron Gothic railings. The inscription reads: 'Edmund Molyneux, for many years her Britannic Majesty's Consul for the state of Georgia died in Paris...1864. This edifice over his remains was erected to his memory by his sorrowing widow and children.'
Books and journals
Curl, Stevens J, Kensal Green Cemetery: The Origins and Development of the General Cemetery of All Souls, Kensal Green, London, 1824-2001, (2001)
Meller, H, London Cemeteries, (1981)
Pevsner, N, Cherry, B, The Buildings of England: London 3 North West, (1991)
Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in England, Part 17 Greater London
The Friends of Kensal Green Cemetery, Paths of Glory or 'A Select Alphabetical and Biographical List, illustrated with Line Drawings of their Monuments, of Persons of Note Commemorated at The Cemetery of All Souls at Kensal Green', 1997,
National Grid Reference: TQ2341482554
The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1080631 .pdf
This copy shows the entry on 14-Aug-2018 at 12:05:04.
End of official listing