CHURCH OF ST MICHAEL

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
I
List Entry Number:
1099751
Date first listed:
01-Mar-1960
Statutory Address:
CHURCH OF ST MICHAEL

Map

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Location

Statutory Address:
CHURCH OF ST MICHAEL

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
County of Herefordshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Garway
National Grid Reference:
SO 45505 22482

Details

SO 42 SE; 5/1

HEREFORD & WORCESTER, GARWAY

Church of St Michael

01.03.1960

GV

I

Parish church, formerly preceptory of Knights Templars. C12, altered and extended in C13 and C17, excavated in 1927. Roughly coursed sandstone rubble with some re-used tufa and stone slate roofs. Formerly detached north-west tower linked by passage to two-bay nave, two-bay chancel and south chapel; remains of former C12 circular nave and late medieval porch exposed to north side of nave.

North-west tower has slightly battered base, two stages with roll-moulding dividing the lower stage from the slightly recessed upper stage and a pyramidal roof; north-west side has a single ground floor lancet, a blocked lancet in the lower centre of the upper stage and two round-headed openings beneath the roof, the last features recurring on the other three sides; buttress containing newel with small loop lights projects from east corner towards north-west; south- east side has small moulded lancet to first stage which is blocked in its lower half. The tower is linked to the nave by a passage; probably C17, which contains occasional blocks of tufa and has an entry in the south-west side. Nave has a blocked north doorway with a 2-centred head behind the foundations of the circular nave and superimposed north porch which were excavated in 1927, to the west of which is a 2-light window with Y-tracery, the bottom part of which has been blocked; the south wall has a pair of C14 trefoil-headed 2-light windows each under a relieving arch and with large C17 buttresses to either side; C14 west window to south of passage to north- west tower has 2-centred head and three lights with trefoiled heads, the central light being taller than the outer ones, C17 west doorway with 4- centred head, carved phoenix above. Chancel has in its north wall two restored lancets to the east of a C13 trefoil-headed single-light window, the bottom half of which is blocked to allow steps to the former rood loft, at the east end of the same wall is a large C17 buttress; the east wall has a small round-headed window to each side of a C13 re-set 2-light window with depressed quatrefoil tracery above, beneath is a scratch cross. South chapel has two square-headed 2-light mullioned windows, probably C16, set between three buttresses; C14 east window has 4-centred head, three foiled lights, probably re-set, and a C16 label with head-stops that to the south mitred and the other death-like; west wall has another 2-light mullioned C16 window and a contemporary doorway with a 4-centred head, to the south of which is a Maltese cross.

INTERIOR: the tower has deeply splayed jambs behind ground floor lancets and several slab monuments, an eight-foot-long dugout chest, a 2-centred arch leads to the C17 passageway. Nave has barrel roofed ceiling and two chamfered tie beams; C12 chancel arch has three orders, the inner two with detached columns and water-leaf capitals, except to the inner north side where a grotesque head spouts beaded ornament, patera to north abacus; the round-headed arch has chevrons to the two outer orders and a flat-faced moulded inner order in Islamic style; foliated gable cross-finial high up on north wall, 13 heavy oak benches, probably C17, the ends of which are shaped towards the aisle only, except for the shorter front four which have both ends shaped; doorway into passage to tower has a shouldered head; font, probably C14, has octagonal bowl and steps; C16 water-stoup and C18 table on north side of west door; wall monument, in form of an aedicule, to John Prosser, died 1737 on south wall. Chancel has three-bay roof with raking struts from ties to principals and central posts from ties to collars in main trusses and three alternating intermediate trusses with arch braces to collars above which angle braces support principals, two rows of trefoiled wind braces. Dividing the chancel from the south chapel is a C13 arcade of two bays of 2-centred double chamfered arches separated by a column with four attached shafts with waist-bands, the responds to the ends of the arcades having three attached shafts; stoup in north wall with chamfered 2-centred head and part-octagonal drain; medieval mensa, with five crosses, supported on C20 piers; stone steps to C15 or C16 doorway with 4-centred head leading to former rood loft; early C18 communion rails with turned balusters and moulded rails; two pries-Dieu with early C18 balusters; early C17 chair; C17 panelling to backs of seats; 1880 organ in west arch of arcade. South chapel has early C20 panelled ceiling, c1400 piscina with deep trefoiled head, sexfoiled drain and scratch decoration of fish above, large chest with two lids along south wall and a prie-Dieu with early C17 balusters. (RCHM Vol I, p 69 - 72).

Listing NGR: SO4550522484

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
155157
Legacy System:
LBS

Sources

Books and journals
Inventory of Herefordshire I South West, (1931), 69-72

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Images of England

Images of England was a photographic record of every listed building in England, created as a snap shot of listed buildings at the turn of the millennium. These photographs of the exterior of listed buildings were taken by volunteers between 1999 and 2008. The project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Date: 19 Sep 1999
Reference: IOE01/00296/01
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr Gary Were. Source Historic England Archive
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