Heritage Category:
Listed Building
List Entry Number:
Date first listed:
Statutory Address:


© Crown Copyright and database right 2021. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2021. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1101329.pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 16-Oct-2021 at 23:20:00.


Statutory Address:

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

East Hertfordshire (District Authority)
National Grid Reference:
TL 36938 30112



2/2 Church of St Bartholomew (C of E) 22.2.67


Parish church of Layston parish, now used occasionally. Chancel early C13, very thick nave walls suggest an early origin but C15 details, W tower and porch early C15. Chancel restored 1904 by A A C Blomfield, tower in 1906. Flint rubble, with some Roman tiles and blue brick parapet repairs on N side,of nave, stone dressings, and roughcast _on N and E walls. Knapped flint used for nave parapets and in flushwork chequered dado around tower plinth. Steep old red tile chancel roof. Nave unroofed. A good medieval parish church with long, square-ended chancel, higher unaisled nave with diagonal buttresses, fine 3-stage crenellated W tower with spike, and parapeted S porch. Chancel has triplet of lancets at E with moulded string at sill level inside on E and S walls. 2 blocked lancets in N wall. 2 lancets in S wall with priest's door under western one, and a large 3- light C15 traceried window. Chancel arch widened in late C15 with moulded 4-centred arch and shafted jambs. Now closed by tall folding doors from the unroofed nave. C15 grotesque face as bracket on S wall still with traces of paint. Aumbrey and piscina with C13 rebated jambs and shouldered arches in E and S walls. 3-bay oak arch-braced collar-truss roof with ridge, purlins, ashlar pieces and wall posts on corbells, renewed by Blomfield. Rectangular nave with 3 tall windows in each side, blocked N door opposite S door, and openings of rood-loft stair in NE corner. 3-light windows, with 2-light windows to W of doors. Cinquefoil heads under four-centred arches and wide casement mouldings to inner jambs. SW window of earlier date. 2-centred arched N doorway with moulded square label on inside. Similar label to S doorway replaced by brick jambs. W tower has diagonal buttresses, newel stair in SE angle, C15 tower arch of 3 moulded orders with shafted jambs. W door has moulded jambs and pointed arch in a square head with traceried spandrels and label. 3-light C15 traceried W window. 2-light pointed bell chamber openings with 4-centred traceried heads. Stoup to S of W door with cinquefoil head. S porch has an original 4-centred stone entrance archway with moulded jambs under a square head with rose-in-quatrefoil spandrels. Niche over door and diagonal buttresses. 2-light side windows. Moulded parapet all round. Monuments collected in chancel: John Crouch d 1605, a splended Derbyshire spar wall monument with paired Corinthian columns flanking black marble centre, in alabaster egg and dart frame under full entablature with raised central block with carved achievement and 3 carved seated figures, the middle one flanked by infants and holding a baby: Pike Crouch d1712 but monument c1756 signed I Wilton, a Neo-Classical urn in aedicule with skull in triangular pediment and impost with guttae all in white marble on grey marble ground. Gadrooned bracket carries pedestal with Greek key band and coat of arms in relief on base of urn. Scrolled keystone to hemicycle top: Thomas Edridge d1745, a marble oval plaque with fine lettering: and on S wall William Slatholme d1665 doctor of physic, of marble with grey central panel, recessed pilasters and full entablature with broken pediment and central cartouche. C15 or C16 oak reading desk carved with narrow cusped panels in 2 rows, the upper with narrow crocketed finials rising from bottom row. Heavy curved pomegranate scroll frieze and lozenge reticulation around top. Broad front and. narrow returns. A medium sized medieval church of exceptional interest for its C13 chancel, ornate tower and monuments. (RCHM (1911) 138-9: VCH (1914) 85-6: Pevsner (1977) 223: Layston Parish Monthly Magazine July 1904).

Listing NGR: TL3693830112


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
Legacy System:


Books and journals
Doubleday, AH, The Victoria History of the County of Hertford, (1914), 85-6
Pevsner, N, Cherry, B, The Buildings of England: Hertfordshire, (1977), 223
'Layston Parish Magazine' in Layston Parish Magazine, (1904)
Inventory of the Historical Monuments of Hertfordshire, (1910)


This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Images of England

Images of England was a photographic record of every listed building in England, created as a snap shot of listed buildings at the turn of the millennium. These photographs of the exterior of listed buildings were taken by volunteers between 1999 and 2008. The project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Date: 31 May 2002
Reference: IOE01/07384/16
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr A. Gude. Source Historic England Archive
Archive image, may not represent current condition of site.
To view this image please use Firefox, Chrome, Safari, or Edge.

Your Contributions

Do you know more about this entry?

The following information has been contributed by users volunteering for our Enriching The List project. For small corrections to the List Entry please see our Minor Amendments procedure.

The information and images below are the opinion of the contributor, are not part of the official entry and do not represent the official position of Historic England. We have not checked that the contributions below are factually accurate. Please see our terms and conditions. If you wish to report an issue with a contribution or have a question please email [email protected].