Heritage Category:
Listed Building
List Entry Number:
Date first listed:
Date of most recent amendment:
Statutory Address:


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Statutory Address:

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

East Hertfordshire (District Authority)
National Grid Reference:
TL 30452 28642


TL 32 NW ARDELEY CROMER MILL LANE (south side) Cromer

2/1 Cromer Windmill (at road 22.2.67 junction NE of village) (formerly listed as Windmill under general)


The entry shall be amended to read:


555-0-2/1 Cromer Windmill 22.02.67



Cromer TL 32 NW ARDELEY CROMER MILL LANE (south side)

2/1 Cromer Windmill (at road junction NE of village) 22.2.67 (formerly listed as Windmill under general)


Post-mill. C18 (said to be c1720), ceased working c1923, body repaired c1937, restored with sails and fantail 1967-9. Timber frame with horizontal white weatherboarding carried up over ogee shaped cap. Supported above an octagonal red brick roundhouse with felted roof. Elaborately geared fantail, with openwork blades and with carriage fixed to broad ladder at rear. Cast iron windshaft for 4 patent sails (without shutters) now dismantled and stored next the mill. A 2-storeys rotating mill carried on a very large faceted central post supported by a large timber trestle protected by the round house. The body is carried on a massive crown-tree in the middle floor from which the rest of the timer frame is hung. 2 stones are now set in the upper floor in the breast of the mill, with cast iron gearing and separate centrifugal governors at high level in the lower floor. A hoist pulled up grain bags to the top of the mill through a trap door and wooden chutes took the ground floor to the lower floor. A steep ladder joins the two and small shuttered apartures light the interior. The brake-wheel and brake have been dismantled. The stones said to have been formerly arranged with one in tail and one in the breast but this gave trouble and altered to present arrangement and tailpole replaced by present automatic fantail. The mill stands on an artificial mound the site for the manorial windmill acquired c1222 (VCH (1912) 196). Of special interest as a conspicuous landmark and the county's only remaining post-mill. (Branch Johnson (1970) 52: Pevsner (1977) 73: D Smith Enqlish Windmills II London 1932: A C Smith Cromer Windmill Stevenage Mus. 1975).

Listing NGR: TL3045228642


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
Legacy System:


Books and journals
Branch Johnson, W, The Industrial Archaeology of Hertfordshire, (1970), 52
Doubleday, A, The Victoria History of the County of Hertford, (1912)
Pevsner, N, Cherry, B, The Buildings of England: Hertfordshire, (1977), 73
Smith, A C , Cromer Windmill, (1975)
Smith, D , English Windmills, (1932)


This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

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Date: 15 Aug 2002
Reference: IOE01/07959/21
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr A. Gude. Source Historic England Archive
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