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CHURCH OF ST HELEN

List Entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: CHURCH OF ST HELEN

List entry Number: 1103657

Location

CHURCH OF ST HELEN, HIGH STREET

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hertfordshire

District: St. Albans

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Wheathampstead

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 19-Oct-1953

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 163972

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

TL 1714 14/428 19.10.53

WHEATHAMPSTEAD HIGH STREET (west side) WHEATHAMPSTEAD

CHURCH OF ST HELEN

GV I

Parish church. Pre-Conquest and Norman origin. Chancel, c,1230. crossing tower, late C13. Nave and aisles, early-mid C14. N and S transepts, c.1330-50. N vestry added c.1380, but altered and enlarged 1897. Whole church was restored 1865-6 by Edward Browning. Flint rubble. Stone dressings. Slate roofs. Cruciform plan, the nave and chancel equal length. Large central tower with leaded pyramid roof surmounted by a spire. Many good Decorated period windows, especially to the transepts and the chancel N and S walls. Early C14 W door with ball flower ornament in double hollow surround. S porch of similar date with chamfered arch and attached shafts. Interior: nave arcade of 3 arches; octagonal piers, moulded capitals and bases. Roof with arch-braced collar trusses. Figured stone corbels. Crossing has broad chamfered piers and arches. S transept has stone arch in S wall, said to be a Saxon doorhead, and the E wall has an intricate decorated style window with fleurons in the jambs. Corresponding window in the N transept has ballflower ornament and beneath the sill is an intricate blind arcade of c.1330. Large N window with net tracery. The chancel E end has 3 lancet windows of c.1230 set in deep splays and with deeply cut moulded arches. C15 piscina in jamb of SE window. Door to vestry with dog-tooth moulded arch. Font at W end of nave is early C14, octagonal, with quatrefoil frieze. Early C17 oak pulpit with shallow strapwork ornament. Jacobean screen at entrance to N transept, probably fragment of a former W gallery. Pews behind this are early-mid C17, one dated 1631. Many good monuments: alabaster tomb chest to Sir John Brocket and his wife (1558) with two recumbent figures and armorial frieze; large wall monument to Elizabeth Garrard on W wall of N transept, 1630s: broad arch surround with columns, broken pediment overthrow and semi- reclining alabaster figures; next to this a classical wall plaque to Sir John Garrard (d.1700). On E wall the many plaques include one by Thorwaldsen, 1817. (RCHM (1910); Pevsner (1977)).

Listing NGR: TL1765814020

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Pevsner, N, Cherry, B, The Buildings of England: Hertfordshire, (1977)
Other
Inventory of the Historical Monuments of Hertfordshire, (1910)

National Grid Reference: TL1765814020

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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End of official listing