WOOD BARTON

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
I
List Entry Number:
1106496
Date first listed:
05-Apr-1966
Statutory Address:
WOOD BARTON

Map

Ordnance survey map of WOOD BARTON
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

Statutory Address:
WOOD BARTON

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Devon
District:
Mid Devon (District Authority)
Parish:
Kentisbeare
National Grid Reference:
ST 05527 08803

Details

ST OO NE KENTISBEARE 8/90 Wood Barton 5.4.66 I Farmhouse. Early to mid C14 with later alterations. Roughcast rubble to front, roughcast cob on stone footings elsewhere. Hipped thatched roof. Plan: probably a 3-room through-passage plan house, the service end to the left of the passage. The hall and inner room occupy 4 bays, and were originally open to the roof which is smoke blackened, more heavily at the lower end and rear. Service end appears to have been heated by a stack from the beginning for the 2 bay roof is clean. The building is of base cruck and crown post construction, the carpentry of high quality. Considerable repairs to the roof appear to have taken place in the C18 (see below) and the higher end gives every indication of having received its inserted 1st floor and axial stack very late. Dating: this type of roof structure is generally believed to be early to mid C14, reflecting fashions prevalent in Court circles (c.f. Moorstone Barton, Halberton). In the early C14 Wood Barton was owned by John de Gozan, and probably tenanted by John ette Woods. In 1336 it was sold to William de Seyncler of Kingswood along with the services of Walter ette Parke, carpenter. Too much should not be read into this statement, but the presence of a working carpenter on site is suggestive. The estate passed to the Whitguys in the 1350s. Such a brisk trade in property in the mid C14 was often a reflection of vertine profits; certainly the Seyncler family was actively engaged in the Hundred Years War. Exterior front: 4 window range. 1st floor with 3- and 4-light C19 casement windows under shallow eyebrow eaves. 4-light window to each of the principal ground floor rooms; half-hipped thatched porch; doorway surround pegged; wide half-glazed door. Higher end axial stack of brick; service end with lateral rendered stack, now partly concealed by a later front wing (possibly C15), now with ovolo-moulded stone windows which do not belong here, but were brought from another house. Right-hand elevation: 1st floor with 4-light timber window, the mullions and surround with an unusual concave moulding, possibly early C18, perhaps late C17. C19 2-light casement window below. Rear: eaves line slightly higher to service end; one 3-light C19 casement window with leaded panes to 1st floor set in a larger enbrasure with chamfered surrounds. Slated leantos throughout. Interior: Service end room; lower end bressumer indicates the possible existence of a now dismantled end stack. Present fireplace lintel chamfered with small stops and notch. Brick jambs and back bake oven. Ceiling cross beams unchamfered. Wing with 3 deeply chamfered ceiling cross beams. A doorframe, taken from the end wall and reused at 1st floor level, with 2-centred arch with composite moulded jambs; it looks early C16. Upper floor of wing heated by a fireplace inserted into the rear of kitchen stack, with a reused ovolo moulded lintel. Hall and inner room with late (i.e. C18) ceiling cross beams, and a recent brick fireplace. The spere truss between hall/through passage and the service end is of the dimensions as the 2 service end trusses. Above the site of the passage an unusual arrangement is adopted to allow for the widening of the roof span over the hall and inner room: the first intermediate bay (each bay is subdivided into 2 sub- bays) windbrace is set diagonally, the first intermediate truss spanning the full width of the hall. Otherwise the roof trusses with moulded arched braces, with cusping above the collar, crenellated purlin between the 2 tiers of windbraces (almost giving the impression of an arcade plate) and curved diagonal strutting. The roof trusses have been drawn by J L Thorp.

Listing NGR: ST0552708803

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
95745
Legacy System:
LBS

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

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