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STILE AND FLANKING WALLS 400 METRES SOUTH-WEST OF THE GREAT SLUICE

List Entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: STILE AND FLANKING WALLS 400 METRES SOUTH-WEST OF THE GREAT SLUICE

List entry Number: 1107120

Location

STILE AND FLANKING WALLS 400 METRES SOUTH-WEST OF THE GREAT SLUICE, BRAUNTON MARSH

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: North Devon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Braunton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: II

Date first listed: 14-Nov-1985

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 98302

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This list entry was subject to a Minor Amendment on 16/07/2015

SS 43 SE 9/54

BRAUNTON, BRAUNTON MARSH, Stile and flanking walls 400 metres south-west of the Great Sluice

(Formerly listed as Stile and flanking walls 40 metres south-west of the Great Sluice)

II

Stile and flanking walls. Circa 1815. Shale rubble walls with vertical stone capping, sloping down either side of dyke. Opening at top with large slate on edge to form stile between brick piers with rounded stone rubble tops. Stone step below stile repaired in concrete. The flanking walls fenced sections of the dyke and allowed the sections to be grazed separately. Braunton Marsh was probably reclaimed in the Middle Ages from tidal waters of the River Taw. But from 1811-15 the marsh was more extensively drained on the authorization by Act of Parliament (1811) as a result of the endeavours of the Lords of the Manors of Braunton Gorges, Braunton Abbotts, Braunton Arundel and Saunton and others who had grazing rights on the marshes. They sought to enclose Braunton Marsh which was regularly flooded by tidal water. 949 acres were reclaimed. John Pascoe was the surveyor and James Green (County Surveyor) the engineer. The adjacent Horsey Island to the south-east was reclaimed between 1852-1857. Historically these late enclosures are particularly interesting in Braunton where the Great Field immediately north of the Marsh is one of only 3 open field systems to survive in England. Although today (1984) there are only 5 farmers on the Great Field, their holdings are sill widely dispersed over the field as they were in the Middle Ages when there were about 100 farmers.

Reference: A H Slee, Trans. Devonshire Assoc (1969) Vol100, pp.101-110. W G Hoskins and H P R Finberg, Devonshire Studies, pp.265-271 and p.332.

Listing NGR: SS4741433959

Selected Sources

Books and journals
'Transactions of the Devonshire Association' in Transactions of the Devonshire Association, (1969), 101-110

National Grid Reference: SS4741433959

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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End of official listing