Heritage Category:
Listed Building
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Date first listed:
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Statutory Address:

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

North Devon (District Authority)
West Anstey
National Grid Reference:
SS 85719 27482


WEST ANSTEY BADLAKE LANE SS 82 NE 2/49 Badlake Farmhouse - 20.2.87 - II*

Farmhouse. Probably early to mid C15, remodelled probably in mid C16, inner room extended probably in late C18, lower end widened in C19. Painted rendered stone rubble and cob. Concrete tile roof with gable ends. Stack at left gable end, tall stone rubble lateral rear stack to inner room, tall front lateral hall stack unusually with a round shaft of West Somerset type and rendered stack at right gable end. Plan: 3-room and cross-passage plan, lower end to right, with stair turret to rear of hall/inner room and additional staircase in cross-passage. Development: remarkably interesting interior indicates multiphase development. The hall was originally open to the roof, which has fine arch-braced and wind-braced jointed cruck trusses; those to each end of the hall are closed. The inner room may well have been ceiled from the outset, as the roof is clean at this end without windbracing. The hall and lower end, to judge by the ceiling beams, were probably ceiled at the same time, possibly in the first half of C16. The inner room appears to have been internally upgraded in the late C17, and then in the late C18 were extended to the left and refenestrated , a direct entry also being made but this has now been blocked and a window inserted. In the C19 the lower end appears to have been remodelled, an axial partition being inserted to create a rear dairy and front kitchen, part of the front wall also being built out in line with the 2-storey porch. The date of the porch is uncertain; it is clearly an addition possibly of the late C16 or early C17 but incorporating an earlier reset window. Exterior: 2 storeys. 6-windbw range. Inner room end has two 12-paned sashes on each floor and between them a sash inserted in the blocked doorway. Otherwise C20 fenestration. 2-storey porch incorporating kitchen bay has hipped roof and 2- window range. Inside the porch is a single light trefoil headed window, possibly reset, on the right-hand side, a fine virtually semi-circular headed inner doorway, much weathered, with hollow flanking roll moulded surround and old plank door, and the ceiling has a central chamfered and stepped stopped beam with close-set square joists. To the rear of the hall chamber is a C17 2-light timber ovolo mullion window. Interior: fine screen between hall and cross-passage has wide muntins and plaster rather than plank filling, and incorporates a good near semi-circular headed doorway with old plank door. The screen is probably contemporary with he insertion of the nail ceiling, as the carved post supporting the hall ceiling beam is shaped at the side to receive the curved hall door lintel. The massive hollow chamfered-axial hall ceiling beam, unstopped at the passage end, is in fact supported at each end on massive jowled posts; a third post at the passage end stands beside the hall fireplace and possibly originally it may have supported a second beam along the front wall. The massive nature of the hall ceiling beam, the square closely set ceiling joists, and use of posts suggests an early date for the ceiling over of the hall. Screen at upper end of hall has heavy muntins and wide sawn planks, but appears to have been partly reconstructed. Headbeam has wide hollow chamfer with a thin central roll moulding. Unchamfered high timber lintel to hall fireplace which has squint in upper end jamb. Inner room has axial ceiling beam with step stops at one end and one draw stop at the other, with the cross ceiling beam indicating the original extent of the inner room. No fireplace survives and there is said to be a concealed stone newel stair adjoining the present C19 dog-leg staircase in the large rear stair turret. The C18 extension to the inner room has a C18 chimneypiece with swags of husks, urns and cartouches as decorations. On the inner room side of the nall screen is late C17 panelling divided centrally by a wide fluted and reeded pilaster. The rear wall of the hall has similar dado panelling but with ornamental carved brattishing. Massive cambered and hollow chamfered axial ceiling beam to lower end wnich is divided into a rear dairy and front kitchen. The kitchen fireplace is late C19, contemporary with the rebuilding of the front and gable end wall at this end. C19 joinery principally intact to upper storey. Roof: medieval roof structure entirely intact, with 6 jointed cruck trusses, and further two C18 trusses over the inner room extension. The structure over the hall end passage is particularly fine; over the centre of the hall is an open truss with a high cranked collar and chamfered arch-braces with the chamfers carried down the fronts of the blades. The chamfered purlins are threaded and ridge purlin diagonally set. The 3 bays of the hall and passage have 2 tiers of lightly chamfered curved wind-braces. There are no wind-braces over the original inner room; the truss between the hall and inner room is closed with large timber panels with plaster infill and the absence of smoke-blackening to the inner room suggests that the inner room end may have been floored from the outset, the chamber being slightly jettied over the upper end of the hall. The truss over the lower side of tne passage was originally closed, but this partition has been removed. Probably originally a low screen partition separated the passage from the hall, but when the hall was ceiled a full height partition was inserted above the screen. The roof over the lower end is not smoke-blackened, and the truss nearest the passage has an unusual strengthening piece supporting the ridge. The end truss, and the central truss over the inner room have no collars. Badlake is an exceptionally interesting example of a substantial C15 farmhouse with subsequent multiphase development incorporating high quality interior details from each of the later phases. N W Alcock and C Hulland. Devonshire Farm Houses. Part IV. T.D.A, 104 (1972) p.40 - 46.

Listing NGR: SS8571927482


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

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Books and journals
'Transactions of the Devonshire Association' in Transactions of the Devonshire Association, , Vol. 104, (1972), 40-46


This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

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