Heritage Category:
Listed Building
List Entry Number:
Date first listed:
Statutory Address:


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Statutory Address:

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County Durham (Unitary Authority)
National Grid Reference:
NY 99234 13504


BOWES THE STREET NY 9913 (South side, off) 33/33 Bowes Castle I Keep with foundations of forebuilding to east. Circa 1171-87 by Richard the engineer for King Henry II. Sandstone rubble core faced with ashlar and incorporating some Roman masonry. Square plan.

2 storeys standing and ruinous third storey. Double-chamfered plinth. Each face has projecting corners and a broad flat central buttress with set-back wall panels between. Fragmentary roll-moulded band above first floor.

East front: remains of forebuilding with triple-chamfered plinth to north; first-floor round-arched north doorway has set-back voussoirs and is flanked by small round-arched openings. South-east corner has slits and contains partly- reconstructed spiral stair.

South front: first-floor round-arched hall window of 2 orders (inner order chamfered)to east; several round-headed loops to west.

Badly-damaged west front: exposed mural passages and a first-floor garderobe chute to south; projecting section at foot of chute has 2 round-arched openings; fragmentary large windows to north.

North front: large round-headed first-floor window with set-back rounded jambs.

Interior: ground-floor has several springers for destroyed rib vaults; north- east corner contained first-floor kitchen with fireplace and a simple flue leading out through north wall.

Scheduled Ancient Monument. (The Victoria History of the Counties of England, ed. William Page F.S.A, A History of the County of York North Riding,1925.)

Listing NGR: NY9923413504


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
Legacy System:


Books and journals
Page, W, The Victoria History of the County of York: North Riding, (1914)


This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Images of England

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Date: 15 Jul 2000
Reference: IOE01/01077/19
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr Bob Manekshaw. Source Historic England Archive
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