THE GRANGE BARN

Overview

Heritage Category: Listed Building

Grade: I

List Entry Number: 1123112

Date first listed: 31-Oct-1966

Date of most recent amendment: 06-Sep-1988

Statutory Address: THE GRANGE BARN, GRANGE HILL

Map

Ordnance survey map of THE GRANGE BARN
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

Statutory Address: THE GRANGE BARN, GRANGE HILL

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Essex

District: Braintree (District Authority)

Parish: Coggeshall

National Grid Reference: TL 84903 22220

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

TL 8422-8522 COGGESHALL GRANGE HILL (west side)

9/127 The Grange Barn 31.10.66 (formerly listed as Barn at Grange Farm)

GV I

Barn. C12/early C13 origin, rebuilt in C14, altered in C18, restored 1984. Timber framed, weatherboarded, roofed with handmade red plain tiles. 6 bays aligned ENE-WSW with 2 aisles, and 2 midstreys to SSE, 36.57 metres long x 13.71 metres wide x 10.67 metres high. The main roof has a gablet hip at each end; the midstreys are hipped. All the arcade posts except those in the left end truss are original, tapering towards the top, unjowled, each with an oblique trench near the top for a passing-brace, and the matrix of an open notched lap joint near the base for a former strut to the aisle tie. The right front arcade post has been rotated in the early rebuild. The front arcade-plate is partly original, with one-half of an undersquinted splayed scarf with 5 face-pegs, partly C14, with edge-halved and bridled scarfs, and partly new oak of 1984. 10 of the original straight arcade-braces, tenoned to the posts, are joined to the arcade-plate with open notched lap joints, a method of assembly which is unique in Britain, elsewhere confined to transverse frames. The front wall to right of the right midstrey has widely-spaced heavy studs. The remainder of this wall has been rebuilt to greater height in the C18, with primary straight bracing. The midstreys are C18 additions, with primary straight bracing and clasped purlin roofs with ridges. The rear arcade-plate is partly original, with 9 original straight arcade-braces similarly jointed, some repaired in 1984. The rear wall has widely-spaced studs dividing it into square panels, each with 2 inserted thinner studs. The left end wall is entirely of 1984 except the central post. The right end wall retains one original aisle tie, with a modern strut below it re-fixed in the original notched lap matrices, and one original passing-brace, repaired at the top. There are arched braces to the tiebeam (the only curved members in the whole structure), and C14 girts and studs below. All the original tiebeams have been replaced in the C14 rebuild, for they do not exhibit trenches for passing braces, but 6 of the original straight braces have been jointed to them with open notched laps, and 2 braces are tenoned. C14 crownpost roof with near-square straight axial braces and similar down-braces to the tiebeams. Grange Farm is associated with Coggeshall Abbey, originally Savignac, but Cistercian from 1148. The restoration of 1984 was undertaken by James Boutwood, architect, and received an Europa Nostra Award in 1985. (C.A. Hewett, The Barn at Grange Farm, Coggeshall, Essex County Council, 1971, and D.D. Andrews and J. Boutwood, Coggeshall Barn, notes on discoveries made during the 1983-84 restoration, Essex Archaeology and History 16, 1984-5, 150-3). RCHM (Little Coggeshall) 5.

Listing NGR: TL8493822201

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 116157

Legacy System: LBS

Sources

Books and journals
Hewett, C A , The Barn at Grange Farm Coggeshall, (1971)
'Essex Archaeology and History' in Essex Archaeology and History, , Vol. 16, (1984), 150-3

End of official listing