THE PANTHEON

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
I
List Entry Number:
1131102
Date first listed:
06-Jan-1966
Statutory Address:
THE PANTHEON

Map

Ordnance survey map of THE PANTHEON
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

Statutory Address:
THE PANTHEON

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Stourton with Gasper
National Grid Reference:
ST 77059 33916

Details

STOURTON WITH GASPER STOURHEAD GARDENS ST 73 SE (west side) 6/153 The Pantheon 6.1.66 GV I Temple. 1753-54 by Henry Flitcroft for Henry Hoare. Limestone ashlar. Tetrastyle in antis Corinthian portico, six step stylobate, flanking semi-circular niches in eared architraves with pediments, containing lead statues of Bacchus and Venus Callipygos, probably by John Cheere, modillioned entablature and pediment. Right returns have empty pedimented niches. Rear of portico narrows to vestibule with blind external walls, octagonal temple to rear with blind walls, drum to lead dome, rear wall retains roofline and corbelled stack of former room containing a stove from which warm air passed into the temple through a grille. Portico interior has double doors with six fielded panels in moulded architrave with pediment leading to vestibule. Vestibule has semi-circular niches with urns on pedestals, groin vaulted ceiling, 2 steps up to wrought iron gates by Benjamin Smith of Westminster in semi-circular arched opening leading to temple. Circular temple interior has coffered ceiling with frieze of bucrania and garlands, modillioned cornice, dome top-lit by stained glass circular window. Walls lined with seven egg and dart moulded niches, the one opposite the entrance contains Rysbrack's famous statue of Hercules, 1747, to the left is Rysbrack's Flora, lead statue of Diana and St Susanna. To the right of Hercules is an antique marble statue of Livia Augusta as Ceres, Meleager by John Cheere and Isis, the latter two are plaster. Above the niches and door are eight plaster relief panels of classical scenes by Benjamin Carter. The Pantheon was originally called the Temple of Hercules; it was built for Rysbrack's statue. It is probably the most important element in the Gardens, providing a focus for vistas across the lake from different points. (K. Woodbridge, The Stourhead Landscape, 1982; R. Gunnis, A Dictionary of British Sculptors, 1951)

Listing NGR: ST7705933918

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
321259
Legacy System:
LBS

Sources

Books and journals
Gunnis, R, Dictionary of British Sculptors 1660-1851, (1953)
Woodbridge, K , The Stourhead Landscape, (1982)
Other
Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in England, Part 46 Wiltshire,

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Images of England

Images of England was a photographic record of every listed building in England, created as a snap shot of listed buildings at the turn of the millennium. These photographs of the exterior of listed buildings were taken by volunteers between 1999 and 2008. The project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Date: 19 Jul 2006
Reference: IOE01/15917/02
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr G.M. Cotton. Source Historic England Archive
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