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THE PANTHEON

List Entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: THE PANTHEON

List entry Number: 1131102

Location

THE PANTHEON

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Stourton with Gasper

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 06-Jan-1966

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 321259

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

STOURTON WITH GASPER STOURHEAD GARDENS ST 73 SE (west side) 6/153 The Pantheon 6.1.66 GV I Temple. 1753-54 by Henry Flitcroft for Henry Hoare. Limestone ashlar. Tetrastyle in antis Corinthian portico, six step stylobate, flanking semi-circular niches in eared architraves with pediments, containing lead statues of Bacchus and Venus Callipygos, probably by John Cheere, modillioned entablature and pediment. Right returns have empty pedimented niches. Rear of portico narrows to vestibule with blind external walls, octagonal temple to rear with blind walls, drum to lead dome, rear wall retains roofline and corbelled stack of former room containing a stove from which warm air passed into the temple through a grille. Portico interior has double doors with six fielded panels in moulded architrave with pediment leading to vestibule. Vestibule has semi-circular niches with urns on pedestals, groin vaulted ceiling, 2 steps up to wrought iron gates by Benjamin Smith of Westminster in semi-circular arched opening leading to temple. Circular temple interior has coffered ceiling with frieze of bucrania and garlands, modillioned cornice, dome top-lit by stained glass circular window. Walls lined with seven egg and dart moulded niches, the one opposite the entrance contains Rysbrack's famous statue of Hercules, 1747, to the left is Rysbrack's Flora, lead statue of Diana and St Susanna. To the right of Hercules is an antique marble statue of Livia Augusta as Ceres, Meleager by John Cheere and Isis, the latter two are plaster. Above the niches and door are eight plaster relief panels of classical scenes by Benjamin Carter. The Pantheon was originally called the Temple of Hercules; it was built for Rysbrack's statue. It is probably the most important element in the Gardens, providing a focus for vistas across the lake from different points. (K. Woodbridge, The Stourhead Landscape, 1982; R. Gunnis, A Dictionary of British Sculptors, 1951)

Listing NGR: ST7705933918

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Gunnis, R, Dictionary of British Sculptors 1660-1851, (1953)
Woodbridge, K , The Stourhead Landscape, (1982)
Other
Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in England, Part 46 Wiltshire,

National Grid Reference: ST 77059 33916

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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End of official listing