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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Cornwall (Unitary Authority)
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CUBERT SW 75 NE 2/2 Carines Farmhouse with attached garden wall (formerly listed as 30.5.67 Carines Farmhouse) II*

Farmhouse, now house; with attached garden wall. Circa early C17, with additions of mid C17. Enlarged in late C17 - early C18 and with a further addition of mid C18. C19 alterations and some C20 alterations. Slatestone rubble and cob; rendered at first floor level. Scantle slate and slate roofs with ridge tiles and gable ends. Axial stack and gable end stack to right with brick shafts. The left end is hipped with an end stack with brick shaft. The front wing to left has front gable end with gable end stack with brick shaft with cornice. Plan: Of the early C17 house, the passage and lower end room survives, to right; the lower end room is heated from an end stack to right. The passage was a cross passage. Circa mid C17, an outshut of 2 storeys was added to rear of the passage and lower end room, unheated, with a dairy at ground floor and loft over; to right there was a stair tower with the stair continued up to the level of the loft over the main range. Circa late C17 - early C18, the upper end room was rebuilt with an entrance leading to an entrance passage to left and room to right with a lateral passage running along the rear. A second stair tower was added to rear of this room and a one-room plan addition to right of the stair, with the room heated from a stack to rear. Circa mid C18, a cross wing was added at the left end, with one room to front heated from a stack at the front gable end and one room to rear, heated from a stack at the left side. In circa mid C18, the early C18 room at ground floor in the main range was given a canted bay at the front. Circa mid C18, a garden wall was attached to the front of the cross wing, extending in an 1-plan to enclose a garden to left of the house. Exterior: 2 storeys, asymmetrical 5-window front; all windows are C19, varied sashes and casements at the front. The main range is to right, with the cross wing projecting to front left. In the main range, at ground floor, to left there is a 2- light 3-pane casement, C19 6-panelled door and late C19 single storey canted bay with 6-pane sash to front and 4-pane sashes at the sides; at first floor there are two 2- light 6-pane casements. To right is what remains of the C17 house; at ground floor to left is an early C18 2-panelled door with timber lintel with chamfer and run-out stops, to right an 8-pane sash and 6-pane sash with similar chamfered and run-out stopped timber lintels. First floor has 2-light 3-pane casement, 2-light 2-pane casement and single 2-pane casement. To left is the 2-storey cross wing; at the inner side this has C19 half-glazed door and C20 2-light 6-pane casement at first floor. The front gable end is blind, in stone rubble. Attached to front left of the cross wing, is the garden wall; this is in slatestone rubble and cob, rendered, with slate coping and ridge tiles. The wall is about 2 metres high. At the junction with the house there is a 2-centred arched doorway with brick dressings and plank door. The wall runs about 10 metres to north west and is returned at right angles and continued for about another 10 metres, diminishing in height. The left side of the cross wing is in stone rubble with stone quoins. To left there are two 2-light 3-pane C19 casements at ground and first floor. The right end of the main range has weathered external stack. At the rear, the early C18 addition is to right, projecting beyond the earlier range to left; rendered at first floor level. At ground floor there is a C20 half-glazed door and 9-pane window; at first floor there is a C20 2-light 6-pane casement and to right a C19 2-light 4-pane casement with some leaded cames remaining. At the left side there is a C20 window at ground floor. The rear of the C17 stair tower and dairy is to left; at ground floor there is a 2-light 2-pane and ventilator casement with timber lintel to the dairy and 2-light 4-pane C19 casement to right. The outer side of the outshut has a 2-light 18-pane casement of early C19 L hinges at first floor; this lights the chamber above the dairy. flipped roof with skylights of C20. At the rear of the stair tower there is a C17 window at upper level; this is a 2-light wooden casement 2-panes each light, with ovolo-moulded mullion and surround and slate cill. Interior: The original lower end room has C19 ceiling beams and end fireplace with C20 range inserted. To the right of the fireplace there is a cupboard with single fielded panel to the door with H hinges. To the rear right of the room there is an early C18 2-panelled door with LH hinges, leading to the stair tower. To rear left there is the doorway to the dairy, a C17 door with strap hinges, one with fleur de lys, scratch mouldings and studs, plain moulded frame. At the front of the room is an early C19 bench below the window. Part of the stud partition wall to the passage remains; to left there is the C17 doorway formerly leading to the upper end of the house; this has ovolo-moulded wooden frame with pyramid stops, door of 3 planks with scratch mouldings and studs. The front door to the passage has strap hinges and studs. The dairy has slate floor and slate shelves; roughly hewn ceiling beams. The stair tower to rear right has winder stair; up to first floor the treads are replaced, but the C17 treads remain at the flight to the attic, with a plank door leading to the attic. The roof space over the original range is of 5 bays, with the principal rafters halved and pegged and numbered, 2 rows of slightly trenched purlins and straight collars pegged to the principals, some halved and pegged. There are two rooms at first floor over lower end and passage, with a rear lateral passage inserted; both rooms have early C18 2-panelled and fielded doors, and the room over the passage has an C18 closet with panelled doors and drawer. In the early C18 range, there was originally one large room at first floor, with a moulded plaster cornice, parts of which survive; the room has been partitioned with a rear lateral passage and retains an early C18 2-panelled door. The stair well probably originally has double doors at first floor level; the stair is an open-well, with turned balusters and moulded handrail, with knob finials added later over the newels. Leading off the landing, there is a doorway to the chamber over the dairy, with 2-panelled fielded door. This room has C19 chimneypiece to rear, closet with over. The ground floor of this part of the house has entrance passage with moulded plaster cornice; the front room with the C19 canted bay has an C18 2-panelled door. The cross wing to end left has 2 rooms at ground and first floor; at ground floor the front room has moulded plaster cornice with a central plaster circle with bolection moulding; the front fireplace is rebuilt in C20 with cupboard recess to each side. Early C18 6-panelled fielded door leading into the rear room. The rear room has end fireplace to left, rebuilt C20. At first floor, both the rooms have 2-panelled doors; the front room has moulded plaster cornice, complete; end fireplace blocked. John Wesley is recorded as having stayed in this house; the front wing is said to have been built for him, although the architectural details suggest that the wing pre-dates Wesley's visits. Carines Farmhouse is a particularly good example of a multi-phase building, with good features remaining from the C17 and C18.

Listing NGR: SW7904959027


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This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

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